This page last updated: 2 June 2003

::: MISSIONARY STAMPS - Border Type Compared :::

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5¢ Type I

5c Chang - central design 300
Grinnell No 22 - center 600

Trepel Census 2-I-UNC-16

Grinnell No. 22

This page illustrates differences in the fancy borders surrounding the large value numerals. In the genuine stamp, the fancy border is constructed of four pieces of printer's type for each of the corners and two pieces of printer's type for each of the four panels. All images used on this page are of 5¢ Type I. The images of the genuine stamp are from Trepel Census 2-I-UNC-16 and the Grinnell images are from Grinnell No. 22.

Top Right Corner

The shape and size of the floral design in the upper right interior of the image is different. In the genuine, the sweep of the leaves swoops deeper and the leaves are smaller. Notice how in the Grinnells, the leaves nearly touch the lines of the outer semi-circle of the design but are well clear of them in the genuine. Notice also the steeper arc of the line extending from the bottom left upward toward the center of the design. Another point to see is how the bottom scallop extends below the line ball at the inner end of the design on the Grinnell but, except for the central point, finishes above that line on the genuine. These differences repeat in all four corners of each value and demonstrate the printer's type used in the genuine is not replicated in the design of the Grinnell.



5c Chang - UR 1200
Grinnell No 22 - UR 1200

Top Panel Ornaments

Each panel on the top, sides and bottom in all of the Missionaries consists of two ornamental pieces of printer's type. Each piece consits of two identical ornaments joined at the top with an inverted heart shaped design separating them at the middle. Where the two sides meet at the top, the top lines of each side cross neatly and continue down the inside of the opposite piece. In the Grinnell, the lines fail to align and the point of touching is sloppy. In the genuine stamp, only slight variations can be detected in the shapes. In the Grinnells, they are all different and none match the shapes found in the genuine. Overall, the Grinnells appear to be crude copies of the genuine. In the bottom of the left panel, a stray line connects the bottom Grinnell panel ornament to the corner ornament. If moveable type were used on the Grinnells, a lead rule would have separated the two ornaments making a connection of this type impossible. This connecting line in all Type I Grinnells is further proof the Grinnells were not printed from moveable type. All the ornaments in the genuine stamps are clear of each other.



5c Chang - Tpanel 600
Grinnell No 22 - Tpanel -1 600
5c Chang - Tornaments-1 1200
Grinnell No 22 - Tornament-1-1200
5c Chang - Tornament-1 intersection 1200
Grinnell No 22 - Tornament-1 intersection 1200 detail
5c Chang - BL detail 1200
Grinnell No 22 - LL detail 1200

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