This page last updated: 28 March 2013


::: INAUGURAL TREATY PERIOD - Log of Covers :::

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December 21, 1850 to June 30, 1851

Hono. Date MH# SF Date Mahoney# (Williams) Ship Notes
1850
1. 12/21 201 (black) 1/23 3-1 (260?) Chameleon 12/21-1/22 Collect to Alexander, Harrisburg, Pa., fwd. to New Haven; m/s red "42," m/s "Fwd 5" and blue PAID (postage to Harrisburg paid); Panama departed SF for Panama Feb. 1
1851
2. - - - - ? Collect to England w/"R.C.Wyllie" m/s and oval Barclay's NY fwdg mark, NY cds dtd Mar., 1851 w/"21" rate in cds and London receipt note 18Mar51
3. - - 2/7 3-1 and 307 (280) Duchess of Clarence 1/11-2/8 Collect to Ellis & Crosby, SF, w/Gregory's & Co. m/s stricken, probably at SF; dateline Jan. 11, 1851
4. 1/11 201 (black) 2/15 6-B (unlisted) Duchess of Clarence 1/11-2/8 Collect to Boston; m/s "82"; Isthmus (Law's Line) departed SF for Panama Feb. 15; Oregon (PMSC) departed SF for Panama Feb. 16
5. 1/11 201 (black) 2/15 6-B and 336 (unlisted) Duchess of Clarence 1/11-2/8 Prepaid to Beardmore, London; m/s "Prepaid" and "Paid to Liverpool/74cts," stamped "PAID" and "19"; Isthmus (Law's Line) departed SF for Panama Feb. 15; Oregon (PMSC) departed SF for Panama Feb. 16
6. 1/29 201 (black) 3/1 6-B (unlisted) Corsair 1/31-2/19 Collect to Mrs. A.E. Van Doorn, NY and m/s red "42"; California departed SF for Panama Mar. 5
7. 1/29 201 (black) 3/1 6-B (unlisted) Corsair 1/31-2/19 Collect to Noah Chapin, Newport, NH, forwarded to Winchester, N.H. w/red m/s"42", black "47" and "5" (indicating the forwarding fee added at Newport) and red Newport 4/10 cds; California departed SF for Panama Mar. 5
8. 1/29 201 (black) 3/1 6-B (unlisted) Corsair 1/31-2/19 Collect to Hosman, Boston; m/s red "42" and "Via Panama"; California departed SF for Panama Mar. 5
9. 1/29 201 (black) 3/1 6-B (unlisted) Corsair 1/31-2/19 Collect to Henry Pierce, Boston; m/s red "82" and "Via Panama"; California departed SF for Panama Mar. 5
24. 2/26 201 (black) 3/25 8/23 3-1 (280) Louisa Baille 2/26-3/25 Collect from Syndey, NSW, to SF; letter was advertised as dead letter at SF and then frwd to Sonora, Calif. on 23Aug51; ms Sydney fwdg agent Chas. Mackellar and SF agent Underwood & McKnight; ms rates added 5 (forwdg fee to Sonora) and 4 (advertsiing fee); the SF cds dated 3/25 is red and the cds dtd 8/23 is black
25. 2/26 201 (black) 4/1 3-1 (280) Louisa Baille 2/26-3/25 Collect to Fairchild, Casanovia, NY; m/s red "42" [a m/s "Corsair" is a collector's note, possibly Harris]; Tennessee departed SF for Panama Apr. 1
26. 2/26 201 (black) 4/1 3-1 (280) Louisa Baille 2/26-3/25 Collect to L.H. Gulick, NYC; m/s "42" in red pencil; docket note indicates it was received May 6; Tennessee departed SF for Panama Apr. 1
27. 2/26 201 (black) ? ? Louisa Baille 2/26-3/25 Collect to L. H. Gulick, % H. Coggeshall, New Bedford with ms receipt docket dtd 5/10; dateline 2/15/51 at Waialua; Tennessee departed SF for Panama Apr. 1
28. 2/26 201 (black) 4/1 3-1 (280) Louisa Baille 2/26-3/25 Collect to Seeley, Danbury; m/s red "42"; Tennessee departed SF for Panama Apr. 1
29. 3/1 201 (black) 4/18 6-B and 307 (unlisted) Lydia Ann and Wm.H. Shailer 3/1- 3/29-4/18 Collect to Messrs. Thomas Payne & Co., SF; w/orange clamshell 6; the Lydia Ann sailed with the mail from Honolulu on Mar. 1 but returned Mar. 21 and the mail was transshipped, probably to the Wm. H. Shailer
30. 3/29 201 (black) 5/1 3-1 (280) Columbus 4/1-4/20 Collect to Pomeroy, NY; m/s red "42"; Oregon departed SF for Panama May 1
31. 4/19 201 (black) 5/31 3-1 and 339 (280) Col. Fanning 4/19-5/22 Prepaid to Pomeroy, NY; w/red m/s "Paid 40" and red stamped "PAID" w/"40"; Tennessee departed SF for Panama May 31
32. 4/19 - 6/1 3-1 (280) Santiago/John Calvin 4/30-5/24 or Col.Fanning 4/19-5/22 Collect to John Stout, NY from Dawson, Lahaina w/"40" m/s in black pencil overstruck by "42" m/s in red pencil; dateline Lahaina Apr. 19, 1851; Columbus departed SF for Panama June 13; the Santiago sailed Apr. 21 from Lahaina and arrived SF on May 8; the Col. Fanning left Honolulu for SF via either Lahaina or Kauai
33. 4/30 201 (black) 5/22 6-B and 307 (unlisted) Thetis 4/29-5/22 or John Calvin 4/30-5/24 Collect to Knapp, SF; w/orange clamshell 6 and m/s "per John Calvin;" either the Calvin arrived at SF two days before the Alta California reported it or the letter was carried on the Thetis but was already pre-marked for the sailing of the Calvin on 30 April
34. 4/30 201 (black) 6/1 3-1 (280) John Calvin 4/30-5/24 Collect to Miss A.E. Bond, Boston, m/s red "42"; Columbus departed SF for Panama June 13
35. 4/30 201 (black) 6/1 3-1 (280) John Calvin 4/30-5/24 Collect to D.S. Sherman, NY; m/s red "42"; Columbus departed SF for Panama June 13
36. 5/8 201 (black) 6/14 3-2 (280) Velasco 5/8-6/3 Collect to Pierrepont, Portsmouth NH and m/s red "42"; California departed SF for Panama June 14
37. 5/8 201 (black) 6/14 3-1 and 339 (280) Velasco 5/8-6/3 Prepaid to Sarah Wight, Wayland, Mass. and m/s red pen "Paid 40", stamped red "40" and red "PAID," m/s black pen "Paid" and "Chg. E.P.B."; California departed SF for Panama June 14
38. 5/22 201 (black) 7/1 3-1 (280) Loo Choo 5/24-6/26 Prepaid to Alexander, New Haven, Conn., fwd to Paris, Kentucky; w/"Paid 40," "6" and "Overland" m/s and handstamped markings "FORWARD" and "ADVERTISED"; the "Paid 40" was stricken through and replaced with a "6" apparently to indicate the 5 forwarding fee and 1 advertising fee under the 1851 rate; Panama departed SF for Panama July 1
39. 5/22 201 (black) 7/1 3-1 (280) Loo Choo 5/24-6/26 Collect to Miss Sarah Wight, Wayland, Mass.; m/s "Ship 12" added at SF, indicating new unpaid rate for carrying a letter over 3000 miles, plus ship fee; Panama departed SF for Panama July 1
40. 6/4 201 (black) 7/1 6-B and 336 (unlisted) Joseph Butler 6/4-7/1 Prepaid to Mary Ford, Parsippany, NJ w/"Via Panama" m/s and stamped "PAID" and "12", probably for a double weight letter rated without the ship fee at SF; Panama departed SF for Panama July 1
41. 6/4 201 (black) 7/1 7-1 and 337 (340) Joseph Butler 6/4-7/1 Prepaid to Serrano Bishop, Rochester, NY and m/s "Paid 40" and SF integral "6" cds and "PAID" (omitting the ship fee); Panama departed SF for Panama July 1
42. 6/4 201 (black) 7/1 6-B (unlisted) Joseph Butler 6/4-7/1 Collect printed price sheet to Fairbanks & Co., Johnsbury, VT, w/"Printed sheet" m/s and stamped "12" indicating double the prepaid rate (5 on printed matter carried over 3,500 miles) under the 1851 rate plus ship fee for unpaid printed matter for which prepayment was required; Panama departed SF for Panama July 1
43. 6/10 - 7/15 5-2 JKS Mansfield 6/16-7/14 Collect to Hoyte, Sandwich Center, NH w/stamped black "10" for the 10 rate on collect mail from SF; handled out of the mail to SF and no ship fee charged; w/"Politeness of S.N. Castle" m/s; dateline Honolulu June 14, 1851; Northerner departed SF for Panama July 15
44. 6/14 201 (black) 7/15 3-1 (280) JKS Mansfield 6/16-7/14 Prepaid to Bowman, London, England w/"Paid 59" m/s; Northerner departed SF for Panama July 15

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