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::: Island of Hawaii Postmarks, Part 1 - Alualu to Hilo :::

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Hilea 282_016  88 - Mar  17 entire


An example of the rare Hilea 282.016 postmark on a cover to Yokohama, Japan, sent from Hilea on March 17, 1888.


Alualu, Ka'u District
____-1873
Landing near South Point, used for Waiohinu and connected by an overland route established by the Waiohinu postmaster, but never an actual post office; took the name Kaalualu in 1873.
No postmark known.

Hakalau, Hilo District
"400 perches"
1883-1890; 1892-1900
Postmasters: J. F. Morrison (1883-1887), C. Lehman (1888-1890); A. V. Patten (1892-1893), George Ross (1894-1900)
Hakalau is situated at the southern end of the long northeast facing side of the Big Island. Mail service was by the weekly overland mail carrier on the route between Kawaihae and Hilo via Waimea and Kukuihaele (changed to a daily serivce from Hilo in 1892); in the 1890s ships sometimes dropped mail at the small landng if weather permitted. The post store was in the Hakalau Plantation office and the postmasters worked for the plantation. Letter volume was only 278 letters in 1892 but jumped to about 6,000 annually in 1894. Stamp sales amounted to about $600 in 1899.


Hakalau Sugar Mill

Hakalau Sugar Mill and landing from a picture post card undated.

Hakalau location

Location of Hakalau (red dot).
For overland route and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii

237.02
29mm single lined circle
Color: Purple
Scarcity 2
Usage: October 17, 1892 – __, 1894
Many strikes appear to be made for philatelists and cancelled-to-order; one dated Mar. 11, 1893 is on an unaddressed postal stationery envelope; the 1893 strikes shown here are on covers addressed to a Honolulu stamp collector; the 1892 strike going to Germany appears to be an ordinary commercial use.

Hakalau 237_02 92 - Oct 17 UX2a

Oct. 17, 1892, on UX2a addressed to Germany, EDU


Hakalau 237_02 92 - Oct 17 UX2a retroreveal

Oct. 17, 1892 (contrast obtained with retroreveal, www.retroreveal.org)

Hakalau 237_02 93 - Jul 27

July 27, 1893

Hakalau 237_02 93 - Aug 28

Aug. 28, 1893

281.02
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Estimated: 7
Usage: March 7, 1895 – May 14, 1900
Some uses appear to be cto or at least philatelic; noted on the $1 Scott No. 49, a presumed philatelic use.

Hakalau 281.02 95 - Mar 7

March 7, 1895 cto, EDU


Hakalau 281_02 on 49

cto on Scott No. 49


Hakalau 281_02 98 Dec 9

Dec. 9, 1898 (commercial use)


Hakalau 281_02 98 Dec 9 retroreveal

Dec. 9, 1898 (contrast obtained with retroreveal)

Halawa, North Kohala District
"curve" [Pukui]; "watering trough" [Davey]
1880-1887
Site of the Halawa Mill and Plantation Co. and location of the Kohala post office from about 1880 (perhaps as early as 1878 when J. Wight became postmaster) until about 1887, when the office was moved to Kapaau. Halawa was also the site of the Kohala Catholic Mission which produced a private auxiliary mark.
No postmark known but all Kohala strikes dated at least from 1880 to 1887 were made in Halawa.

Hamakua, Hamakua District
short corner" [Pukui]; "the back of the island" [Davey]
1854-1867; 1878-1882
Postmasters: J. H. Morrison (1858-1860), George Kenway (__ to 1864) and J. Jones (1864-1865)
This office was located at Paauhau. Two cent Numerals were sent to the office in July, 1859 (10 sheets at 50 stamps to the sheet) and two cent Bank Note stamps and five cent Boston Engraved stamps were sent in 1864.


Hamakua coast landing

Landing on the Hamakua coast.

Hamakua location

Location of the Hamakua post office.
For overland route and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii

801
Hamakua
manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR
Noted on Scott 31

Hamakua 801, ex-Golden

Hamakua 801, ex-Golden detail

Hilea, Ka'u District
"careless" [Pukui]; "lazy" [Davey]
1881-1900
Postmasters: C. N. Spencer (1882-1887), G. S. Patten (1888-1890), A. J. Ivers (1891-1893) and J. C. Searle (1893-1900)
Until about 1891, the postmaster of Hilea also managed the Honuapo post office. Hilea dispatched about 750 letters in 1892 and about 1,000 letters in 1894. Stamp sales in 1899 were a mere $18. Hilea is inland on the southern flank of Mauna Loa, uphill from Honuapo. Mail service was by the overland carrier from Kawaihae to Hilo via Kona or from the landing at Honuapo.


Hilea location

Location of Hilea (red dot).
For overland route and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii

801
Hilea
manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR
Noted on Scott 31 about 1866

Hilea 801

282.016
32mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle; 8 ray sunburst ornaments
Color: Pink, Magenta, Purple
Rarity: 1RRR, nine strikes are recorded
Usage: December 17, 1883 - December 17, 1888; the lasted documented use (LDU) was reported stolen from the U.S. mail.
In January, 1892, the postmaster reported the postmark device had been in use since 1882 and was "entirely worn out."

Hilea 282_016 88 - Apr 18 detail

April 18, 1888

282.011
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle; large sunburst ornaments
Color: Black, Purple; some oxidized purple marks seem brown.
Scarcity: 4
Usage: January __, 1888 – July 25, 1898
The July 25 last use noted is on a Scott No. 75 from the December 21, 1897 printing. I note purple strikes from January to May, 1898. Can anyone confirm uses before 1897?
On November 26, 1898, the postmaster reported his postmarking device was "broke so that it will not hold the date mark" and requested a new one.
I suspect this mark is scarcer than a 4.

Hilea 282_011 94 - Jun 21

June 21, 1894

Hilea 282_011 8Mar97

March 8, 1897

253.01
27mm double lined circle
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRR, nine strikes recorded.
Usage: December 15, 1898 – June __, 1899
Later strikes have a single outer circle from ink clogging.

Hilea 253_01 95 - Dec 18

December 18, 1898


Hilea 253.01 99 - Dec 18 retroreveal

Contrast obtained with retroreveal.


Hilea 253_01 __ - Dec __ Burns, Twigg239123

Burns/Twigg-Smith copy, Dec. 2_, 189_
Courtesy of RA Siegel Auction Galleries

Hilo, Hilo District
name of an ancient hero
1854-1900
Postmasters: B. Pitman (1846-1866), sheriff J. H. Coney (1866-1870) and Luther Severance (1870-1900)
Hilo was the largest town on the island and by the 1880's was second only to Honolulu in the entire island group. Postage stamps of the Boston Engraved Issue were furnished to Hilo starting in December, 1853. Thereafter, Hilo received stamps, stamped envelopes and postal cards soon after each new issue was available in Honolulu. The pace of stamp sales in 1865-1870 was about 20 sheets of 2˘ stamps (at 50 stamps per sheet) each month and about 20 sheets of 5˘ stamps per year. Letter volume from Hilo in 1888 was about 30,000 letters annually and in 1890-1894, the volume was about 35,000 letters per year. Stamp sales in 1899 were about $6,000. Hilo was the terminus of the overland routes to Kawaihae and was served by ships landing at Hilo.


Hilo 99 - Jan 2 Aloha Nui card

Hilo town and beach from Aloha Nui post card dated Jan. 2, 1899.

Hilo location

Location of Hilo (red dot).
For overland route and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii


Downtown Hilo 1880 Photograph

Downtown Hilo, c. 1880. The post office is the peaked roof building in the right foreground.


Hilo 99 - Dec 29 postal card

Hilo town looking from behind toward the harbor, from picture post card dated Dec. 29, 1899.


Hilo Hotel - 00 - Jan 5 postal card

Hilo Hotel from picture post card dated Jan. 5, 1900.


Waianuenue St. Hilo

Waianuenue St., Hilo from a picture post card, undated.

801
manuscript; four different styles reported
Color: Black
Rarity: 1R
There are at least five distinct styles. Although three styles are in a similar script, they appear to have been written by different people.

Hilo 801(II) 28 - Hilo ms

Hilo ms on 27

On Scott No. 27


Hilo 801 III ex-Twigg

May 27, 1865


Hilo ms Hayashi

Hilo 801(I) Golden

802
manuscript; three styles of Hilo/Post/Office and one of Hilo/P.O. are reported
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR
Noted on Boston Lithographed stamps.
Three styles of Hilo/Post/Office are noted. The third style also has a date. One style of Hilo/P.O. is noted.

Hilo 802(I) ms Hilo Post Office 27

Hilo 802(II) ms Hilo Post Office Peters

Hilo 802(III) _ - Oct 29 Twigg, Siegel 631, lot 4460 detail

Courtesy of RA Siegel Auction Galleries


Hilo 802 ms on 28 – Decker

Courtesy of Barry Decker

211
single lined oval 45mm x 28mm
Collectors Office/Hilo, Hawaii
Color: Black
Scarcity: 2
Usage: August __, 1859 – May 27, 1865; strikes are seen on notepaper in the 1870's
Burns downgraded this mark from a 1R.
39 strikes are listed in my census.

Hilo 211 3-A-I

Plate 3-A-I (Used from August, 1859 to January, 1860)


Hilo 211 3-D-III

Plate 3-D-III (Used from December, 1859 to April, 1860)


Hilo 211 on 31 cover, ex-Davey detail

undated, ex-Davey


Hilo 211 27May65

May 27, 1865 LDU

242.13
34mm single lined circle; The June 16, 1866 strike shown is the only strike in my record with a visible cross-bar in the “H” of “Hilo;” the cross-bar is missing in the EDU strike on May 31, 1866 and in another June 16, 1866 strike so the cross-bar normally failed to make contact
Color: Black
Scarcity: 3
Usage: May 31, 1866 – May 2, 1879
The device was made in May, 1866 by Thomas Tannatt of Honolulu, who also made a similar device for Lahaina. The material was probably quality steel because it lasted through a long usage period.

Hilo 242_13 66 - Jun 16 with cross bar

June 16, 1866 cross-bar of H is visible

Hilo 242_13 _ Feb 18

February 18, __ cross-bar of H is missing

238.02
30mm single lined circle
Color: Black, Blue, Purple
Scarcity: 3
Usage: June 27, 1879 – February __, 1888; and July 8, 1894 - December 7, 1894; the device was sent to Hilo in June, 1879. It was returned to Honolulu for repair in November, 1886 and was lost in February, 1888. In July, 1894, it was found and used briefly. Used as a fiscal cancel in 1882 and 1885; examples of this usage are quite scarce.
Blue strikes are recorded in October, 1884 -1886 and perhaps into 1888; the 1894 strikes are purple.

Hilo 238_02 79 - Oct 3

October 3, 1879

Hilo 238_02 4Feb86 blue

February 4, 1886 blue

Hilo 238_02 94 - Jul 8

July 8, 1894

Hilo 238_02 82 - Oct 2 fiscal use

October 2, 1882, fiscal use on R3

281.01 (I)
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles. Three marking devices made very similar marks conforming to type 281.01.
Type 1: Inner ring is 18mm; “HILO” letters are spaced 1mm apart, are 4mm tall and nearly touch the inner and outer circles; “L” of “HILO” has a stubby top left serif; by January, 1888, the outer circle broke to the right of the comma after “HILO.” (See comparison detail at the end of Hilo entries).
Color: Purple, Blue, Black
Estimated: 6
Usage: March 12, 1885 – September 26, 1889
Many strikes of this mark have single lined outer circles because of ink clogging, over-inking and, eventually, wear and were mislabeled as type 274.01. I note blue strikes from March to April 15, 1886. I have black strikes from January to March, 1888 and purple from June, 1888 to February, 1889. The latest strike (September 26, 1889) reverts to blue.

281_01 (I) 85 - Mar 12

March 12, 1885, EDU

Hilo 281_01 (I) 85 - Aug 8

Aug. 8, 1885

Hilo 281_01 (I) 85 - Aug 8 - retroreveal

Aug. 8, 1885, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281_01 (I) 88 - Jan 25 retroreveal

Jan. 25, 1888, showing break - contrast obtained with retroreveal

235.02
235.9a2 (duplex target cancel)
27mm single lined circle
Color: Purple, Blue
Estimated: 6
Usage: December 2, 1886 – November __, 1890; the date type was a problem and the dater was sent to Honolulu for repair in February, 1891. The postmaster reported the entire device was lost later that month.
I have blue in December, 1886, purple from May, 1888 to March, 1889 and blue again, starting in December, 1889.

Hilo 235_02 23Mar88

March 23, 1888


Hilo 235_02 89 - Dec 12

December 12, 1889

282.011
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle; large sunburst ornaments
Color: Purple, Black, Blue
Estimated: 8
Usage: November 7, 1889 – April __, 1900
I note blue strikes from November 7, 1889 to May, 1890; purple from July, 1890 to October, 1892; black from November, 1892 to July, 1893; and purple again from January, 1899 to September, 1899 (my latest date). I record no strikes from July, 1893 to January, 1899 and wonder whether the device was not used then.

Hilo 282_011 89 - Dec 11

December 11, 1889


Hilo 282_011 29Sep99 purple

September 29, 1899

281.01 (II)
30mm double lined outer circle and 17.5mm x 18.5mm single lined inner oval. Type II: “HILO” letters 3.5mm tall; “L” of “HILO” has a stubby top left serif; outer circle unbroken until in mid-1892 when a break opened above the 2nd leg of the "H" in "Hilo." (see comparison detail below). Strikes often seem doubled.
Color: Purple, Black, Blue
Estimated: 8
Usage: June 8, 1891 – January __, 1896
I have purple strikes from November, 1891 to September, 1892; blue strikes in October, 1892; black from November, 1892 to January, 1894; and reverting to purple from February, 1894 to January, 1895 and reverting to purplish black and black from July to September 1895 my latest strike). Late strikes of this mark have single lined outer circles from ink clogging or wear and were mislabeled as type 274.01.

Hilo 281_01 (II) 91 - Dec 28

Dec. 28, 1891

Hilo 281_01 (II) 91 - Dec 28 - retroreveal

Dec. 28, 1891, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281_01 (II) 92 - Nov 28 retroreveal

Nov. 28, 1892, showing break - contrast obtained with retroreveal

253.03
27mm double lined circle; the rubber in this device apparently was malleable because some strikes are oddly misshapen and the mark spread out and the letters widened toward the end of the usage period; the dates are often oriented oddly. Strikes in 1900 have 29mm circles and the letters are taller and wider, all attributed to distortion of the device.
Color: Purple, Blue, Black
Estimated: 9
Usage: August __, 1894 – March 14, 1900;
Infrequent use between January, 1897 and January, 1900
I have purplish-brown strikes in September, 1894, black from late September, 1894 to February 14, 1895; purple from February 21, 1895 to July 6, 1898; blue from February 25, 1895 to May 9, 1895; purple from May 14, 1896 to January 2, 1897 and January, 1899 to January 18, 1900; black again from January 22, 1900 to February 2, 1900 (February 2 strikes are a dark, blackish purple); and purple again from February 5, 1900 to March 14, 1900.

Hilo 253_03 94 - Nov 8

November 8, 1894


Hilo 253_03 94 - Sep 27

Sept. 27, 1894, misshapen example


Hilo 253_03 00 - Jan 27

Jan. 27, 1900, late example showing spread of circle and letters

281.01 (III)
30mm double lined outer and 17.5mm single lined inner circle. Type III: “HILO” letters 3mm tall; “HILO” is well centered between the inner and outer circles; in most strikes, the top serif of the “L” is complete and arced; the innermost line of the double lined outer circle is wavy; by August, 1895, a “bite” came out of the outer circle above the “H.” (see detail below).
Color: Blue, Black, Purple
Estimated: 6
Usage: October 18, 1894 - April 3, 1896
I have black strikes in December, 1894 and blue strikes thereafter.

Hilo 281_01 (III) 95 - Jan 3

Jan. 3, 1895; no “bite” above the “H” of Hilo

Hilo 281_01 III 95 - Jul 12

July 12, 1895, “bite” above H of Hilo just starting

Hilo 281_01 (III) 95 - Aug 23 - retroreveal

Aug. 23, 1895, showing the “bite” above the “H” of Hilo - contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281_01 (III) 95 - Dec 3 - L detail retroreveal

Dec. 3, 1895, showing wavy inner circle above “L” - contrast obtained with retroreveal

271.035
26mm single lined outer and single lined inner circle; fleur de lis ornaments; steel device
Color: Black, Purple, Blue
Estimated: 10
Usage: August 1, 1895 – December 29, 1899; the postmaster complained in August, 1895, that the device was illegible and indistinct.
Earlier dates are seen, but they are believed to result from errors by the clerk in setting the date. Possibly, some early dates are philatelic favors made after the fact. Marks with an 1883 year are seen on 1898 covers. A stamp is known bearing a March, 1893 date on Scott No. 30. This postmarking device arrived in Hilo in 1895, so either the stamp is evidence of another mistake or was applied as a favor cancel sometime after the device was in Hilo.
I have a black strike dated August 1, 1895; steel blue strikes in October and November, 1895; black strikes from January, 1896 to May, 1899; purple strikes from June, 1899 to December, 1899.

Hilo 271_035 11Oct95 blue

October 11, 1895


Hilo 271_035 29Sep98 -83

December 29, 1898

Note the year in the mark is '83, but the cover is an 1898 cover. Marks sporting an '83 date in fact were used in 1898.


Hilo Hotel 99 - Jul 18, ex-Davey

The Hilo Hotel corner card on cover postmarked with Hilo type 271.035 dated July 18, 1899.

253.01 (I)
27mm double lined circle
Letters of “HILO” spaced tighter than in Type II ("Hilo," is 13.5mm long and letters are spaced 0.5mm apart) and comma following “HILO” is above the space between “A” and “I” in “HAWAII”; (see detail below). In later use, the circles were worn down to single lined circles.
Color: Purple
Estimated: 6
Usage: January __, 1897 - March __, 1900

Hilo 253_01 I 98 - Feb 21

Feb. 21, 1898, showing outer circle partially clogged with ink

Hilo 253_01 I 98 - Nov 25

Nov. 25, 1898, showing a clogged outer line

Hilo 253_01 I 98 - Nov 25 retroreveal

Nov. 25, 1898, showing a clogged outer line, contrast obtained with retroreveal

253.01 (II)
253.9a1 (duplex target cancel)
27mm double lined circle
Letters of “HILO” spaced wider than in Type I ("Hilo" is 16mm long and letters are spaced 1.0mm apart); the comma following “HILO” is above the 2nd I of “HAWAII” (see detail below). In later use, the circles were worn down to single lined circles.
Color: Purple, Red
Estimated: 6
Usage: March 16, 1899 - June __, 1900
I have purple in March, 1899 and red from October, 1899 to June, 1900

Hilo 253_01 I 98 - __ 5, ex-Davey

__ 5, 1898, showing outer circle mostly doubled


Hilo 253_01 II __ 5, 1898

__ 5, 1898, showing outer circle mostly doubled (contrast obtained by retroreveal)


Hilo 253_01 II 99 - Dec 8-1

Dec. 8, 1899, with no duplex target cancel, making 253.01(II); ex-Davey


Hilo 253_9a1 - 99 - Oct 13

Oct. 13, 1899, duplex making 253.9a1


Hilo 253_9a1 - 99 - Oct 13 retroreveal

Oct. 13, 1899, contrast obtained with retroreveal

255.01
29mm double lined circle.
Letters of “HILO” spaced widely (“HILO” is 17.5mm long and letters are spaced 2mm apart, see detail below).
Color: Purple, Black, red
Rarity: 1RR fourteen strikes are currently recorded but other strikes misdescribed as 253.01 may be 255.01
Usage: June __, 1899 – May 27, 1900
First listed by Burns in 1988.

Hilo 255_01 99 - Sep 8

September 8, 1899


Hilo 255_01 00 - feb 25

February 25, 1900

271.039a
26mm single lined outer and single lined inner circle; dash ornaments; listed by Davey/Bash and Burns as type 271.03.
Color: Purple, Black
Estimated: 7
Usage: March 8, 1900 – July 12, 1900
I have dark purple strikes from March to early June, 1900 and then the strikes become blackish with a tinge of purple after about June 4.

Hilo 271_039a 00 - Mar 9

Mar. 9, 1900


Hilo 271_039a 00 - Jul 12 detail

July 12, 1900
under Territorial Administration

Comparisons:
Hilo 281.01 (I), 281.01 (II) and 281.01 (III)

Davey/Bash and Burns listed only two Hilo type 281.01 marks noting the letters of the later type are thinner than in the earlier type. In fact, there were three devices. The size and spacing of letters, the centering of words within the inner and outer circles and breaks in the outer circles distinguish one mark from the others. The first type was discontinued well before the second type was put into use, so postmark dates also help to separate type I from type II. Overlapping use between the second and third types make this trick less useful for distinguishing those types from one another.


Hilo 281.01 (I)
March 12, 1885 – September 26, 1889
Inner circle is 18mm; “HILO” letters are spaced 1mm apart, are 4mm tall and nearly touch the inner and outer circles; top left serif of “H” in “HILO” to comma is 20mm; “L” of “HILO” has a stubby top left serif; by January, 1888, the outer circle broke to the right of the comma after “HILO.” By August, 1888, the break partially closed.


281_01 (I) 85 - Mar 12

Mar. 12, 1885, earliest recorded use


Hilo 281_01 (I) 85 - Aug 8 - L detail retroreveal

“L” of “HILO” in Aug. 8, 1885 strike, contrast obtained with retroreveal


Hilo 281_01 (I) 88 - Jan 25 retroreveal

Jan. 25, 1888, showing break in outer circle, contrast obtained with retroreveal


Hilo 281_01 (I) 88 - Aug 23- retroreveal

Aug. 23, 1888, showing break in outer circle has closed, partially, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281.01 (II)
June __, 1891 – January __, 1896
Inner circle is 17.5mm; “HILO” letters are spaced 2mm apart, are 3mm tall and are well centered between the inner and outer circles; top left serif of “H” in “HILO” to comma is 20mm; “L” of “HILO” has a stubby top left serif; by April, 1892, break in the outer circle begins to open above the right leg of the “H” in “HILO” and by November, 1892 the break is more obvious, but by February, 1894 the break has partially closed; many strikes seem to have a double impression or shadow strike of “HILO.” The inner circle is more oval than round.


Hilo 281_01 (II) - 91 - Nov 12 retroreveal

November 12, 1891, no breaks in outer circle, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281_01 (II) - 92 - Feb 25 L detail retroreveal

stubby top left serif of “L” also shows the “L” seems doubled, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281_01 II 92 - Apr 21 retroreveal and Courtesy of James Shaffer

April 21, 1892, early break in outer circle above the 2nd leg of “H” in “HILO,” contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281_01 (II) 92 - Nov 28 retroreveal

November 28, 1892, break in outer circle above the 2nd leg of “H” in “HILO” is more obvious, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281.01 (III)
December 13, 1894 – March 31, 1896
Inner circle is 17.5mm; “HILO” letters 3mm tall; “HILO” is well centered between the inner and outer circles; letters of “Hilo” are spaced 2mm apart; top left serif of “H” in “HILO” to comma is 19mm; top serif of “L” in “HILO” is complete and arced; inner of the outer circle lines is noticeably wavy; by December, 1895, a bite is taken out of the outer circle above the 1st leg of the “H” of “HILO.”


Hilo 281_01 (III) 95 - Jan 3 retroreveal

January 3, 1895, no breaks in outer circle, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 281_01 (III) 95 - Dec 3-  L detail retroreveal

caption: “L” of “HILO” showing complete top serif, arced, and wavy inner line of the outer circle

Hilo 281_01 III 95 - Dec 3 retroreveal

December 3, 1895, showing “bite” out of the outer circle above the “H” of “HILO”


253.01 (I), 253.01 (II), 255.01

Davey/Bash listed types 235.01 (narrowly spaced letters in "Hilo") and 253.01 (widely spaced letters in "Hilo"), but not 255.01. Burns listed types 235.01 and 253.01 and added type 255.01 in his December, 1988 update. Based on some examples of the so-called type 235.01, I am now convinced it, too, is a double lined circle, type 253.01. I suspect the usage periods for these types have become confused by failures to recognize the distinctions. Type 255.01 is listed as a tentative 1R, but numerous strikes may be mislabeled as type 253.01.


Hilo 253.01 (I)
January __, 1897 – March __, 1900
Letters in "Hilo” are spaced 0.5mm apart; distance from “H” of “HILO” to comma is 13.5mm; narrowly spaced outer circle lines, often clogged; comma following “HILO” is above the space between “A” and “I” in “HAWAII”

Hilo 253_01 I 98 - Feb 21 retroreveal

February 21, 1898, showing partially clogged outer lines, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 253_01 I 98 - Nov 25 retroreveal

November 25, 1898, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 253.01 (II)
March 16, 1899 – June __, 1900
Letters in “HILO” are spaced 1.0mm apart; distance from “H” of “HILO” to comma is 16mm; comma following “HILO” is above the 2nd “I” of “HAWAII;” outer circles clogged or worn in later strikes.

Hilo 253_01 __ 5, 1898

__ 5, 1898, showing partially clogged outer circles, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 253_01 II 99 - Dec 8-1

December 8, 1899, contrast obtained with retroreveal

Hilo 255.01
June __, 1899 – May 25, 1900
“HILO” is 17.5mm long and letters are spaced 2mm apart; outer circles are clear of clogging

Hilo 255_01 99 - Sep 8

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