This page last updated: 13 July 2019


::: Island of Maui Postmarks, Part 1 - Haiku to Kaanapali :::

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Haiku 282_013 84 - Jun __ cover


Sent from Haiku, Maui, to New Jersey, USA, postmarked in June, 1884, with the scarce Haiku type 282.013 mark (R2). A rare multiple use of Scott No. 37 paid the 5˘ UPU rate to the United States.


Haiku, Makawao District
"sharp break"
1862-1887; 1892

Castle & Cooke chartered Haiku Sugar Company in 1858, an early “pioneer” plantation, and built a mill at Haiku by 1861. Haiku Sugar’s land extended into the Hamakuapoko district west of Maliko Gorge, a deep cut in the terrain extending from the northwestern slope of Haleakala to the sea, separating Haiku from Hamakuapoko. In the 1870s Haiku Plantation joined with others in the area and built Hamakua Ditch to carry water from the northern slopes of Haleakala, across Maliko Gorge and onto the isthmus plains of Hamakuapoko. The ditch began delivering water in 1877 and was finished in 1878. The newly irrigated isthmus sustained a thriving sugar cane production on the Hamakuapoko lands. Haiku’s sugar dependent population filtered over to Hamakuapoko. The mill closed in 1879 and Haiku Sugar’s headquarters moved to Hamakuapoko. What was left in Haiku was not much.

Postmasters: G. Beckwith (1863-1866); S. Savidge (1866); W. Goodale (1867-1869); S. T. Alexander (1875-1884, C. H. Dickey interim in 1879); H. P. Baldwin (1885-1887)[sugar planter]; and C. H. Dickey (1892)[storekeeper]. Haiku postmasters were connected with Haiku Sugar Co. and the mill office served as the post office. Haiku stamp sales in the years 1884 and 1885 were unrecorded, but the postmaster was paid an annual salary of $25. The latest recorded postmark from Haiku is dated in October, 1884.

Whether a post office existed at Haiku after 1884 is doubtful. Baldwin, the Haiku PM, kept his plantation office at Hamakuapoko. When he resigned as Haiku PM in 1887, he said it was unnecessary to appoint a replacement as the duties “are insignificant.” In 1889, the Paia PM named the four post offices in the area as: Paia, Hamakuapoko, Makawao and Huelo, omitting mention of Haiku. PMG Oat made no mention of Haiku in his 1893 trip report. C.H. Dickey’s role as Haiku PM in 1892 may have been a formality to close the office officially and merge it into the Hamakuapoko office. Assuming any postal work was done at Haiku after 1884, it certainly closed in 1887 and was not re-opened in 1892.

C.H. Dickey, famous for having strung the first “Bell” telephone in the Islands between his Haiku store and home (c. 1877), supervised postal affairs of Haiku, Hamakuapoko and Paia during most of the 1870s and 1880s. He arranged for overland carriers and nominated postmasters. Dickey did post office work from time to time and canceled some stamps by writing his initials, CHD, with a pen on 2˘ brown Kalakaua stamps (Hawaii Scott #35), circa 1879. The cancel is listed as peninitials(CHD).


Screenshot_2019-03-11 Maui Kahului – Haiku


Detail of Donn’s 1903 update of the 1885 Hawaiian Government Survey map [accessed 2019 at David Rumsey’s website: /Search/Maui/Dodge, F.S., Donn, John] [red dots are post offices, blue dots are schools]. The map shows Kahului on the left, Paia center right, Hamakuapoko farther right near the border with the Haiku district, and Haiku far right. For scale, a straight line between Kahului and Haiku is about 9.8 miles; and between Paia and Haiku only about 3.1 miles but that distance is a bit misleading because Maliko Gorge (the gray shaded area to the right of the red district border line running top to bottom between Hamakuapoko and Haiku) was an obstacle. Donn’s updates reflect the state of affairs in 1903, after a territorial post office was opened at Haiku.

For overland route and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui


Haiku-Mill


Haiku Sugar Mill, Haiku Maui, c. 1880

801
Haiku
manuscript
Color: Black, Red
Rarity 1RRRR
Noted on Scott No. 31 cover and on Scott No. 35.
Five strikes are in my record (two in red ink); the handwriting of those shown is different, indicating the usage spread across several early postmasters.

peninitials(CHD)
manuscript initials
(this cancel is not counted as a town postmark because it lacks a post office reference; postmaster Dickey used his initials to cancel stamps)
Rarity: 1RRR

Haiku 801 ms Peters

September 15, 1873


Haiku 801 ms

Haiku 801 ms retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced www.retroreveal.org)


Haiku 801 red ms - Peters

Red (Courtesy of Gary Peters)


Haiku 801 red ms - Peters retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)


peninitials (CHD)

peninitials (CHD) 600 retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

238.02
30mm single lined circle
Color: Black
Rarity 1RRR, nine strikes are in my record, plus EDU.
Usage: August __, 1879 – September 25, 1882

Haiku 238_02 79 - Oct 31 Kay

October 31, 1879


Haiku 238_02 79 - Oct 31 on #35 retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)


Haiku 238_02 80 - _ on #35

__ 12, 1880

282.013
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle; late use usually without date
Color: Black
Scarcity: 2, 28 strikes are in my record, plus EDU.
Usage: July 22, 1882 – October __, 1884
The latest strike in my record with an internal date in the postmark is October 20, 1882; later strikes are dated by other information on a cover.

Haiku 282_013 82 - Jul 29 detail V-P

Jul 29, 1882
(Courtesy of David Volstrup-Petersen)

Haiku 282_013 84 - Jun __

June, 1884

Hamakuapoko, Makawao District
"short corner"
1883-1900

Plantation camp and office for the Haiku Sugar Co. Early postmasters were employees of the Haiku Sugar Co. Wallace, Dickey and Mossman were storekeepers. See the text for Haiku for more details on the linkage between Haiku, Hamakuapoko and Paia.

Postmasters: W. E. Rowell (1879)[son of missionary Rev. G.B. Rowell; uncertain of his status but some unofficial refererences refer to him as postmaster four years before an office officially opened; perhaps he collected letters for the overland carrier]; Ch. H. Alexander (1883)[manager, Haiku Sugar Co.]; W. Goodale (1884)[Haiku Sugar Co. employee]; C. H. Wallace (1886-1887)[storekeeper]; C. H. Dickey (1888-1893)[storekeeper]; and W. F. Mossman (1893-1900)[storekeeper; Mossman also was PM at Kahului until 1894, running the latter with clerks]. Stamp sales in 1884-1885 were about $800 annually. Stamp sales at Hamakuapoko were $458 in 1898. The Hamakuapoko post office was located in the plantation store close to the present site of “Old Maui High School” at the junction of Hamakuapoko Road and Holomua Road (see map with Haiku). PMG Oat described Hamakuapoko as a post and money order office in his 1893 trip report and referred to Mossman as acting postmaster. (Hawaiian Gazette, October 17, 1893, p. 10.)

Hamakuapoko location

Location of Hamakuapoko (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

281.01
31mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Blue, Purple, Red
Estimated: 6
Usage: July __, 1883 –__ 1893
Blue is noted until late 1889, reddish purple briefly in 1891; otherwise strikes are purple.
A repair was attempted in January, 1892, but the device deteriorated again by mid-1892. A strike on a cover postmarked July 10, 1892 at Honolulu has an unreadable date because the postmarking device by then was badly disintegrated. A missing 3rd “A” seen on some strikes is inconsistent. Blank slugs replaced the month and day, presumably later in 1892.

Hamakuapoko 281_01 87 - Oct 20

October 20, 1887
blue


Hamakuapoko 281_01 91 - Oct 1 red

October 1, 1891
reddish purple


Hamakuapoko 281_01 92 - May _

May __, 1892
purple


Hamakuapoko 281_01 93 - __ - __ blank slugs

The month and day were replaced by blank slugs to make this 1892 strike.


Hamakuapoko 281_01 93 - __ - __ blank slugs retro

(retroReveal enhanced)

814
Hamakuapoko, Maui/
Hawaiian Islands

manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR; one example is in my record.
Noted on Scott No. 39 cover in January, 1892 when the 281.01 marking device was being repaired.

Hamakuapoko 804 ms 92 - Jan __ -

Hamakuapoko 804 ms 92 - Jan __ - detail

281.011
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Black, Purple
Estimated: 9
Usage: __, 1892 – February 12, 1900
The town name was misspelled as “Hamakuapoku.”
This device became badly worn toward the end of its use. Throughout its use, the year date often failed to print.

Hamakuapoko 281_011 __ - Oct __

October ___
black


Hamakuapoko 281_011 __ - Oct __ retroreveal

October ___
black
(retroReveal enhanced)


Hamakuapoko 281_011 99 - Sep 16

September 16, 1899
brownish purple


Hamakuapoko 281_011 99 - Sep 16-1

September 16, 1899
black

Hamoa, Hana District
an old name for Samoa
1885-1900

Village and local landing, part of Reciprocity Sugar Plantation, on the east coast of Maui near Hana. Mail service was by the overland carriers to Paia, going either via Ulupalakua or via Keanae; or to Kahului via a weekly steamship service.

Postmasters: L. S. Lionarons (1885-1886); D. Center (1886-1890)[manager Hana Sugar Co; A. Irvine, bookkeeper for Reciprocity Sugar Co., was acting PM in 1889); M. W. Rooney (1890)[manager, Reciprocity Sugar Co.]; W. von Gravenmeyer (1891-1895)[manager, Reciprocity Sugar Co.; Mr. Waterhouse and F. Wittrock were acting PMs in 1892); F. Wittrock (1898-1899)[Mokae Store owner]; and C. Weatherbee (1900)[principal, Hamoa English School]. Stamp sales in 1885 were $75. Stamp sales in 1898 were $180. PMG Oat described Hamoa as a post office in his 1893 trip report. (Hawaiian Gazette, October 17, 1893, p. 10.) The postal operations were closely linked with Hana. F. Wittrock at Hamoa was Hana PM Unna’s nephew and Wittrock took care of the Hana PO when Unna was absent.

97 - Jan 1 Wittrock, Hamoa, Maui

F. Wittrock owned Mokae general store at Hamoa and was an overseer and bookkeeper at nearby Hana Plantation. Postmarked with Hamoa type 253.01 dated January 1, 1897 and on the reverse with Honolulu type 231.72 dated January 4, 1897. The cover was carried to Kahului by an overland carrier via Kaupo and Ulupalakua or via Hana, Keanae and Haiku, or was sent directly to Honolulu by the weekly steamship route that serviced local ports across the north and west coasts of East Maui.

map Hamoa

Location of Hamoa (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

281.01 (I)
31mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Black
Scarcity: 2 (this mark seems scarcer than the 4 rating previously given; only eight strikes are in my record).
Usage: July __, 1886 – March __, 1889

In March, 1889, acting PM Irvine asked for a new device, reporting that the one in use (a “turnover apparatus”) was in “very bad condition” with the sides broken and the rubber dates too difficult to set. He asked for a device with a separate ink pad.

See below for a comparison of Hamoa 281.01 types I and II.

Hamoa 281_01 I 87 - Feb 10

February 10, 1887


Hamoa 281_01 I 88 - Nov 28 Furukawa

November 28, 1888
(Courtesy of Alan Furukawa)


Hamoa 281_01 I 88 - Nov 28 Furukawa

November 28, 1888
(retroReveal enhanced)

281.011
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple, Blue
Estimated: 7
Usage: July 30, 1889 – September __, 1896; Blue noted in May, 1896

This mark was made by the new device with a separate ink pad that replaced the old self-inking “turnover apparatus.”

Hamoa 281_011 93 - Sep 23

September 23, 1893


Hamoa 281_011 96 - May 15 blue

May 15, 1896
blue

253.01
27mm double lined circle
Color: Purple, Black
Estimated: 6
Usage: October 30, 1896 – May __, 1900
This mark often is barely legible.

Hamoa 253_01 99 - Feb 10

February 10, 1899

281.01 (II)
31mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RRRR, three strikes are in my record.
Usage: June 1, 1900
See below for a comparison of Hamoa 281,01 types I and II. Examples of this type need to be reported to be sure of the proper rarity rating. Please check your strikes and let me know if you have others that were confused with style I.

Hamoa 281_01 II 00 - Jun 1

June 1, 1900

Hamoa 281_01 II 00 - Jun 1 Furukawa, ex-Peters

June 1, 1900
(Courtesy of Alan Furukawa)

281.01 (I) and 281.01 (II) compared
Type II is later than type I by a decade.

In type I, the town letters are 1.5mm from the inner circle; the date font is short and serifed.

In type II, the town letters are 1.0 mm from the inner circle; the date font is tall, sans serif.

Hamoa 281_01 I detail

281.01(I) showing a wavy inner circle


Hamoa 281_01 I detail retro

(retroReveal enhanced)


Hamoa 281_01 I detail 600

281.01(I) showing small, short dates


Hamoa 281_01 II 00 - Jun 1 - detail

281.01(II) showing a straight inner circle


Hamoa 281_01 II 00 - Jun 1 - detail retro

(retroReveal enhanced)


Hamoa 281_01 II 00 - Jun 1 - retroreveal

281.01 (II) showing tall dates
(retroReveal enhanced)

Hana, Hana District
"rainy land"
1859-1900

Harbor and site of Hana Plantation on the northwest coast of East Maui. Hana Plantation Co. was formed in 1889 by combining the lands of Hana Plantation, Reciprocity Plantation and additional land at Hamoa. Mail service was by steamships landing at Hana or by the overland carriers to Makawao via Kaupo and Ulupalakua or to Haiku via Keanae. Thomas W. Everett was in charge of the mail carriers on East Maui.

Hana Plantation and sugar mill

Hana Plantation and sugar mill.

map Hana

Location of Hana (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

Postmasters: W. O. Baldwin (1859-1860); Wm. L. Davis (1860-__); Mr. Cook (1865); A. Unna (1865-1885)[Hana Plantation owner; F. Wittrock of Hamoa, Unna’s nephew, ran the office in Unna’s absence]; and John Grunwald (1886-1900)[storekeeper; Nils Omsted (or Olmstead), store manager, acted as PM at times]. The post office was located at the Hana Store from 1859 to 1900. Early in the morning of December 8, 1896, the store and post office burned. Nothing was salvaged from the post office but no mail was lost because the mail from the last steamship had been distributed. (The Hawaiian Gazette, Dec. 15, 1896, page 2, “News from Maui.”) PMG Oat referred to Hana as a post and money order office in his 1893 trip report. (Hawaiian Gazette, October 17, 1893, p. 10.) Stamp sales in 1884-1885 were about $175 per year. Stamp sales were $300 in 1898.

801(I)
Hana
manuscript
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record; another is reported.
Noted on Scott No. 13 and reported on No. 31

Hana 801 ex-Advertiser, lot 214

(Advertiser Sale, lot 214; Courtesy Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries)

801(II)
Hana
manuscript
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record.
Noted on Scott No. 31

Hana 801, ex-Davey

Hana 801, ex-Davey retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

802
Hana/PO
manuscript
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record.
Noted on Scott No. 31

Hana 802 ms

Hana 802 ms retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

803
Hana/year date
manuscript
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record.
Noted on Scott No. 31

Hana 803 V-P

(Courtesy of David Volstrup-Petersen)


Hana 803 V-P retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

282.013
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Black, Purple
Rarity: 1RRRR, three strikes are in my record.
Usage: April, 1881 to December 11, 1882

Hana 282_013 82 - Jan 7

January 7, 1882


Hana 282_013 82 - JAN 7 retroreveal

January 7, 1882
(retroReveal enhanced)


Hana 282.013 very rare 2nd photo

December 11, 1882
(Courtesy of David Volstrup-Petersen)


Hana 282.013 very rare 2nd photo retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

281.012
29mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RRRR, five strikes are in my record
Usage: July 23, 1885 to November 23, 1887

Hana 281_012 86 - Apr 12

April 12, 1886
(Courtesy of David Volstrup-Petersen)


Hana 281_012 87 - Nov 23

November 23, 1887


Hana 281_012 87 - Nov 23 retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

281.11
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Estimated: 7
Usage: June 2, 1889 to December __, 1896
The post office fire of December 8 probably marks the end of the possible usage period for postmark type 281.11 and explains why there is a gap before type 255.01 was put into use.

Hana 281_11 91 - Nov 20

November 20, 1891


Hana 281_11 93 - Feb 2

February 2, 1893


Hana 281_11 93 - Feb 2 retroreveal

February 2, 1893
(retroReveal enhanced)


Hana 281_11 95 - Dec 6

December 6, 1895

255.01
29mm double lined circle; town letters are separated by 3mm; the “A” of Maui points to the “N” of Hana.
Color: Purple
Estimated: 5
Usage: May __, 1896 – April __, 1900

Hana 255_01 97 - Aug 20 ex-Davey

August 20, 1897


Hana 255_01 97 - Aug 20 ex-Davey retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

253.02
27-28mm double lined circle; slightly oval
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RRR, six strikes are in my record.
Usage: August 14, 1896 – October __, 1896

Hana 253_02 __ - Aug 19 1200 detail

August 19, __


Hana 253_02 retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)


Hana 253_02 96 - Aug 14

August 14, 1896


Hana 253_02- Aug 14 retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

253.01
27mm double lined circle; town letters are separated by 2mm: the “A” of Maui points to the space between the “N” and “A” of Hana.
Color: Purple
Estimated: 5
Usage: February __, 1898 – June 15, 1900
Most strikes appear as a single lined circle due to ink clogging. The latest use is Territorial on a U.S. stamp.

Hana 253_01 00 - Feb 1

February 1, 1900


Hana 253_01 00 - May 18

May 18, 1900


Hana 253_01 00 - Jun 15

June 15, 1900

Honokohau, Lahaina District
"sites bay"
1884-1900

map Honokohau

Location of Honokohau (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

Postmasters: L. K. Kalama (1884-1886); J. A. Kaukau (1893)[police officer]; D. Kapaku (1893)[farmer]; Capt. D. Taylor (1894-1897); and D. Kapaku (1898-1900)[farmer]. A salary of $25 per year was set in 1884-1885 but no stamp sales were recorded. A salary of $5 per month was set for this office in 1898. Stamps sales were unrecorded in 1884-1885 or 1898. PMG Oat described Honokohau as a postal agency in his 1893 trip report. (Hawaiian Gazette, October 17, 1893, p. 10.)
No postmarks known.

Honokowai, Lahaina District
"harbor"
1884-1900

map Honokowai

Location of Honokowai (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

Postmasters: J. A. Kaukau (1884-1893); Chas. Goheir (1894-1899)[head overseer, Pioneer Mill Co.]; and Frank Clark (1899-1900)[overseer, Pioneer Mill Co.]. A postmaster salary of $25 per year was paid in 1884-1885, but no stamp sales were recorded. A salary of $5 was allowed for this office in 1898, but no stamp sales were recorded. PMG Oat described Honokowai as a postal agency in his 1893 trip report. (Hawaiian Gazette, October 17, 1893, p. 10.)
No postmarks known.

Honolua, Lahaina District
“two harbors”

map Honolua

Location of Honolua (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

A village on the north coast of west Maui. Not an official office, but a letter collection stop with someone taking charge of mail under the supervision of the Lahaina postmaster.

801
Honolua
manuscript
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record.
Noted on Scott No. 29

801 Honolua ms Furu

(Courtesy of Alan Furukawa)

Huelo, Hana District
"tail"
1884-1900
A village and steamship landing on the North Coast of East Maui. Headquarters for Huelo Plantation and mill. Mail service was by the overland carrier via Hana to Paia via Haiku or via Ulupalakua and Makawao to Paia; or by weekly steamship to Kahului.

Postmasters: W. Turner (1884-1892)[manager, Huelo Plantation, Jno. Palmer did all the work of the post office]; J. R. Smythe (1892-1894)[rancher]; A. H. Crook (1895)[school teacher]; and M. Mattson (1895-1900). Stamp sales in 1884-1885 were about $72 annually and the postmaster was paid an annual salary of $25. PMG Oat described Huelo as a post office in his 1893 trip report but added that “since the abandonment of the Huelo plantation” (1892) it stopped being a money order office. (Hawaiian Gazette, October 17, 1893, p. 10.) Stamp sales were unrecorded in 1898, but the postmaster was paid a salary of $5.

Huelo Plantation

Huelo Plantation, 1898
oval merchant mark

map Huelo

Location of Huelo (red dot) on the overland trail between Haiku and Hana.
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

205
straightline
Color: orange
Rarity: 1RRRR, two strikes are in my record.
Usage: April, 1886
This device probably was a plantation office stamp used briefly as a postmark. Noted on a Scott #39 off cover and another on a Scott #39 cover postmarked April 6, 1886 at Honolulu.

Huelo 205

With April 6, 1886 Honolulu postmark

281.011
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Purple, Black
Rarity: 1RR, 17 strikes are in my record
Usage: February 18, 1890 to September 18, 1899

Huelo 281_011 90 - Mar 7

March 7, 1890


Huelo 281_011 91 - Mar 13

Mar. 13, 1891


Huelo 281_011 98 - Jul 26 on 74 cover, ex-Davey - detail, black

June 6, 1898
black

Kaanapali, Lahaina District
"dividing cliff"
1889-1892
Name for a landing north of Lahaina. A letter collection and distribution service was set up at the Kaanapali store under the jurisdiction of the Lahaina postmaster; Charles Goheir, an overseer at Lahaina Plantation, and later PM at Honokowai was put in charge. Letters posted at Kaanapali were canceled by hand.
No postmarks known.

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