This page last updated: 29 June 2019


::: Island of Maui Postmarks, Part 2 - Kahului to Kula :::

Back to Islands of Maui, Molokai and Lanai.

80 - Jul 17 Kahului 238_42

A cover sent from Kahului, Maui, on July 17, 1880, to Mrs. Serrano Bishop at Honolulu, bearing the earliest documented use of Kahului postmark type 238.42.

Kahului, Wailuku District
"the winning"
1857-1858; 1859-1900

Kahului is situated on the windward or north side of the island’s isthmus (see map at the text for Haiku). The area was marshy, undesirable for living in those days so Kahului had a relatively small population. People preferred the heights of Wailuku for their residences.

Although Kahului was a landing from early days, its exposure to the trade winds made it difficult for ships. Until harbor improvements were built at Kahului, Maalaea Bay on the south (leeward) shore of the isthmus was Maui’s main landing. With the stimulus of the sugar boom in the late 1870s, dredging and wharf construction transformed Kahului into a port for oceangoing ships, allowing Maui planters to save the cost of sending sugar to Honolulu for transshipment onto larger vessels. Wilder’s Steamship Co. operated interisland steamship service between Kahului, East Maui ports, Honolulu and Big Island ports. At 1900, Honolulu and Kahului still were the only deep water ports in Hawaii.

In 1879 Kahului became the port terminus for the Kahului Railroad, started by Capt. Thomas Hobron. The railroad ran to Wailuku on the west and out to Paia on the east with a spur connection to Spreckelsville. The railroad was taken over by Wilder’s Steamship Company in 1884. Claus Spreckels, the sugar magnate and owner of Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Co. (HC&S), controlled the docks and warehouses under his Maui Railroad and Steamship Company.

In 1897, Spreckels blocked the Kahului Railroad from port access, sold HC&S to Alexander and Baldwin and then blocked A&B’s access to the port. The impasse ended when HC&S bought both the Kahului Railroad and Spreckels’s Maui Railroad and Steamship Company.

Despite having few residents, Kahului post office was busy processing mail in transit to or from the populous towns around it.

Kahului map

Location of Kahului (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

Kahului Maui, no HI

Merchant mark of Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Co./Kahului/Maui, June 4, 1894

Postmasters: J. Kimball (1859-1864)[harbor master]; E. C. Hobron (1864-1869); E. H. Bailey (1873-1876)[later postmaster at Wailuku; probably employed by Capt. Hobron at this time]; Frank Mendez (1878-1880)[died in 1880, freight clerk for Capt. Hobron]; Capt. T. H. Hobron (1880-1884)[sugar planter, general merchant, Kahului RR owner]; W. F. Lowrey (1886-1887); W. F. Mossman (1887-1894)[he also served as customs collector at Kahului, formerly postmaster at Wailuku and future postmaster at Hamakuapoko; Mossman waffled in 1893 about whether he would keep the Kahului PM post and then tried to hang onto both the Kahului and Hamakuapoko postmasterships, running Kahului with a series of acting PMs; W.O. Aiken was acting PM from Nov., 1892 to Jan. 1893; and E.B. Carley, Maui Telephone Co. treasurer, was mentioned in 1893 as acting postmaster]; G. P. Wilder (1894-1898) [clerk in the Kahului RR office and agent for Wilder’s Steamship Co.; F. L. Stolz, Wilder’s assistant, was interim postmaster for three months in 1889]; R. W. Filler (1899-1900).

Where the post office was located when harbor master Kimball was PM is uncertain. After him the post office was in Capt. Hobron’s offices until Mossman moved it to the customs office. When Wilder became PM the Kahului Railroad and Wilder’s Steamship Company were under common ownership. Wilder moved the post office from the customs house to the offices used by the combined operation, where it remained until at least 1900. Stamp sales at Kahului were about $235 annually in 1884-1885. Stamp sales at Kahului in 1898 were $480. The postmaster received a salary of $100 per year in 1884-1885 but only $40 in 1898. PMG Oat described Kahului as a post and money order office in his 1893 trip report. He further reported that two mails “are dispatched daily from here to Spreckelsville and Paia and three times to Wailuku.” (Hawaiian Gazette, October 17, 1893, p. 10.)

Old Photo People by Shore at Kahului Landing

Early Kahului Landing (Courtesy of Hawaii State Archives)

Kahului wharf eBay item 2247530068 Island Curio

Kahului Harbor; Wailuku is situated at the tree line in the mouth of Iao Valley (center right in the distance). (Island Curio post card)

Kahului Landing arxhives

Early photograph of Kahului wharf

Kahului 271_017  00 - Apr 13 cover

Kahului type 271.017 dated June 12, 1900, addressed to Spreckelsville, with an HC&S, Kahului Store corner card

Kahului to SF direct - Ida Schnauer

Wailuku type 281.01 dated Oct. 9, 1886, addressed to California and sent direct from Kahului to San Francisco without transiting Honolulu.

Once Kahului’s wharf and harbor improvements were built ships sailed direct between Kahului, San Francisco and other ports. People on Maui were irked because Honolulu insisted that all mail from or to foreign countries transit the Honolulu post office. Mail brought to Kahului was sent to Honolulu where the bags were unlocked. Maui residents thus waited a day or more until the mail from San Francisco was brought back from Honolulu. Maui businessmen petitioned for a direct mail with San Francisco, to no avail. Kahului nonetheless sent some mail direct to San Francisco; covers are identified by postmark dates that match the sailing and arrival dates of a ship going from Kahului to S.F., coupled with the absence of a Honolulu transit mark. The cover above was postmarked at Wailuku October 9, 1886 (Wailuku type 281.01(I)) and at San Francisco on October 30 (reverse); there is no Honolulu postmark. The steamship Ida Schnauer, sailed from Kahului October 15 and arrived at San Francisco October 30, carrying this letter.

238.42
30mm single lined outer circle
Kahului Post Office/Mani, H.I. (Maui was misspelled)
Color: Black
Scarcity: 2, 21 strikes are in my record
Usage: July 17, 1880 to November 25, 1885

Kahului 238_42 80 - Jul 17

July 17, 1880, EDU


Kahului 238_42 85 - Oct 30

October 30, 1885


Kahului 238_42 85 - Oct 30 retroreveal

October 30, 1885
(retroReveal enhanced; www.retroReveal.org)

282.013
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; side ornaments: small stars
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RR, nine examples are in my record
Usage: January __, 1881 to May 4, 1883
The rarity rating has gone from 3 to 1RR reflecting a belief that few examples exist.

Kahului 282_013 82 - Oct 27

October 27, 1882


Kahului 282_013 82 - Oct 27 retroreveal

October 27, 1882
(retroReveal enhanced)

281.013 (I)
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; side ornaments: large stars; letters of MAUI closer together than in 281.013 (II); break in inner circle above "M"; dates are tall and thin; left star points to "K" of Kahului and is 4.5 mm from the “K”; right star is open to the “I,” of Kahului and is 3.5 mm from the comma; over inking often clogged the gap between the outer circles, giving the appearance of a single circle; by February, 1885, a constant break opened in the inner circle, above “M” in Maui. Black ink caused the rubber to deteriorate rapidly.
Color: Black
Rarity: 1R, 14 strikes are in my record.
Usage: October 31, 1884 to June 5, 1885.

Note: Three different Kahului postmarks were style 281.013, made from different devices. Kahului 281.013(III) is similar to style (I), but, notably, in 281.013(III) the stars are closer to Kahului than in 281.013(I). See the overlay image at 281.013(III).

Kahului 281_013 I 84 - Nov 26

November 26, 1884


Kahului 281_013 I 85 - Feb 24

February 24, 1885

281.013 (II)
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; large stars; letters of MAUI spread more widely than in 281.013 (I); no break in inner circle; dates are short and thick; left star open to "K" of Kahului; right star open to “I” of Kahului. Black ink caused the device to deteriorate rapidly.
Color: Black, Purple
Scarcity: 2, 19 strikes are in my record.
Usage: February 2, 1886 to August 20, 1887
Strikes of this style may have been confused with style (I) so color, rarity and usage details could change as more information is received. Purple is noted in June, 1887.

Kahului 281_013 II 87 - Apr 18 on U6 ex-Peters

April 18, 1887


Kahului 281_013 II 87 - Aug 20

August 20, 1887, LDU
showing much wear

281.01 (I)
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; inner circle measures 18mm and letters of Maui are more tightly spaced than in style (II); “Kahului” is more widely spaced and occupies a larger arc than in type II; the “I” of Maui points at the right side of the “H” of Kahului; town letters are 3.5mm tall; dates are tall and thin, year date is often missing
Color: Black, Red
Estimated: 5
Usage: March __, 1885 to November 8, 1889
Unsealed stampless covers addressed to Kahului are known with this postmark and “Postage Paid.” The covers could have been 1¢ drop letters or 1¢ unsealed circulars. Convention holds that they were unsealed circulars sent from Honolulu with postage paid with cash during a shortage of 1¢ stamps.

Kahului 281_01 I 86 - Mar 12

March 12, 1886


Kahului 281_01 I 86 - Mar 12 retroreveal

March 12, 1886
(retroReveal enhanced)

Kahului 281_01 I _ - Nov 30 Postage Paid

Unsealed stampless envelope bearing Kahului 281.01 (I) and the stamped service mark “Postage Paid,” probably sent as an unsealed circular from Honolulu with postage paid in cash. The year date appears to be 1886.

281.013 (III)
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; large stars; similar to 281.013 (I) [i.e., dates are tall and thin; left star points to "K" of Kahului; right star points to top of “I,” of Kahului]. However, the stars are closer to Kahului in 281.013(III): the left star is 4mm from the “K” and the right star is 2.75 mm from the comma. Also, a break in the inner circle above the “M” of Maui seen in 281.013(I) is not present in 281.013(III). Instead, the inner circle in 281.013(III) is broken above the “I” of Maui.
Color: Purple, Red
Scarcity: 2, four strikes are in my record, but this mark was only recently distinguished as a separate mark so more may be reported. Credit James Shaffer with noticing the difference.
Usage: October 19, 1888 to February 1, 1889

Red is noted on a cover dated January 25, 1889, on an off cover Scott #43 dated February 1, 1889 and on the 1889 example shown, that could be dated in January or June, 1889.

Kahului 281_013 I 88 - Oct 19

October 19, 1888


Kahului 281_013 I 88 - Oct 19 retrro

(retroReveal enhanced)


kahului_281_013-1AB overlay Shaffer

Overlay image with 281.013(III) dated Oct. 19, 1888 on top of 281.013(I) dated Nov. 26, 1884, showing that the stars of 281.013(III) are higher.
(Courtesy of James Shaffer)


kahului_281_013-1AB overlay Shaffer retrro

(retroReveal enhanced)


Kahului 281_013 I 89

_N _, 1889

255.12
29mm double lined circle
Color: Black, Purple, Red, Blue
Scarcity: 4
Usage: November 25, 1887 – December 30, 1891

Red noted January, 1889; early strikes are black; purple noted from October, 1888.
There are two styles of date type, but both styles appear to be made from the same circular device:
Type A has short, thick dates (to at least October, 1888)
Type B has tall, thin dates (starting no later than Jan. 5, 1889); the month and day often were weak or missing.

Late strikes are so worn, one cannot tell the type used for the dates.

Kahului 255_12 A  87 - Dec 9 – Kay

Type A, short, thick letters December 9, 1887, purple
(Courtesy of Phil Kay)


Kahului 255_12 A 89 - Mar 8

Type B, March 8, 1889, red


Kahului 255_12 B 89 - Mar 8 rettroreeal

Type B, tall thin letters, March 6, 1889
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kahului 255_12 B 89 - Apr 27 blue

Type B, April 27, 1889, blue


Kahului 255_12 B 89 - Apr 27 blue 600 retroreveal

Type B, April 27, 1889
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kahului 255_12 B 91 - Dec 16 LDU

December 16, 1891. black; badly worn out

282.011
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Purple, Blue, Black
Estimated: 5
Usage: May 2, 1889 to May 22, 1891
Early strikes are blue; black is noted in late, 1890; otherwise purple. Late strikes show considerable wear to the marking device.

Kahului 282_011 89 - May 1

May 1, 1889 EDU, blue


Kahului 282_011 89 - May 1 600 retroreveal

May 1, 1889
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kahului 282_011 91 - Mar 31

March 31, 1891, late strike showing wear

281.01 (II)
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; inner circle measures 17mm and the letters of Maui are more widely spaced than in style (I); the “I” of Maui points at the “A” of Kahului. Office letters are 3.2mm tall.
Color: Purple, Black, Red, Blue
Estimated: 6
Usage: January 15, 1892 to June __, 1895

To my eye, strikes of this mark are purple, purplish blue and purplish red. Purple is the predominant color; blue is noted in early July, 1893 and again in May, 1895; red is noted in 1894 at intervals; black dates are uncertain.

Bisected stamps are found canceled with this mark (also with postmarks of Wailuku, Spreckelsville and Waimea, Kauai). See Spreckelsville for a discussion of bisected stamps during the 1890s, their illegitimate status and a possible legitimate use. The cut square shown here on a bisected Scott #52 proves shenanigans were being practiced because the cancel date, August 16, 1891, was two months before the first shipment of these stamps left New York City. F.L. Stolz, who acted as PM from time to time was supplying stamps to Scott Stamp & Coin Co. in 1892. Whether he had anything to do with making bisects is unknown, but there was a keen interest in selling stamps to philatelic speculators. On balance, bisect stamps on cut squares with Kahului, Spreckelsville or Waimea postmarks dated in the 1890s are considered spurious, created to fool collectors. Full covers mailed as drop rate letters may be exceptions (see Spreckelsville).

Kahului 281_01 II 92 - Apr 16

April 16, 1892


Kahului 281_01 II 92 - Apr 16 retroreveal

April 16, 1892
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kahului 281_011 94 - Jan 10

January 10, 1894, purplish blue


Kahului 281_01 II 94 - May 29

May 29, 1894, purplish red


Kahului 281_01 II 91 - Aug 15 52 bisect

Spurious bisect of Scott No. 53 on cut square dated August 16, 1891, two months before the first shipment of the stamps left New York City.


Kahului 281_01 II 91 - Aug 15 52 bisect retroreveal

August 16, 1891
(retroReveal enhanced) on spurious bisect.


Kahului 282_01 - 95 - Apr 27 black

April 27, 1895

281.02
__mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RRRR
Usage: Uncertain
Listed by Burns in 1988 as a new mark and is considered tentative pending further confirmation.

no image available

282.01
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; town letters are 4mm tall or taller
Color: Purple, Black, Red
Estimated: 5
Usage: February 22, 1895 to January 10, 1897
Black is noted on the earliest marks; red is noted in January, 1897; dark reddish purple strikes are also noted. The mark must have been fairly flexible as oblong oval distortions are noted.

 Kahului 282_01 95 - Jun 5 - Kay – detail

June 9, 1895, purple
(Courtesy of Phil Kay)


Kahului 282_01 96 - Mar 6

March 6, 1896, oval shape


Kahului 282_01 96 - Mar 6 retroreveal

March 6, 1896, oval shape
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kahului 282_01 96 - Sep 12

September 12, 1896, reddish purple, normal shape


Kahului 282_01 96 - Sep 12  retroreveal

September 12, 1896, reddish purple, normal shape
(retroReveal enhanced)

253.01
27mm double lined circle
Color: Red, Purple, Black
Estimated: 6
Usage: October 21, 1896 – December __, 1898
This mark includes Kahului 237.01, which has been dropped; James Shaffer has proven that the marks are the same (see overlay image). Purple, reddish purple strikes are noted to January, 1897 and red afterward; black use is uncertain. This mark encompasses style 235.01 once listed for Kahului. The outer circles became ink clogged by February, 1897, creating the illusion of type 235.01. By June, 1897, breaks appeared in the circle and the marks became misshapen, giving rise to the thought that a new mark was introduced. As the overlay shows, the 237.01 was made from the same device that made 253.01.

Kahului 253_01 96 - Oct 21 EKU

October 21, 1896, red, EDU; inner line of double outer circle is clear


Kahului 253_01 96 - Oct 21 EKU retroreveal

October 21, 1896, red, EDU; inner line of double outer circle is clear
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kahului 253_01 96 - Dec 26

December 25, 1896, purple; inner line of double outer circle is clear


Kahului 253_01 96 - Dec 26 retroreveal

December 25, 1896
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kahului 253_01 96 - Dec 26 line detail

December 25, 1896 - Outer line separation detail


Kahului 253_01 97 - Jan 2 black

January 2, 1897


Kahului 253_01 97 - Jan 2 600 retroreveal

January 2, 1897
(retroReveal enhanced)


97 - Jun 23 eBay

June 23, 1897, showing breaks in the outer circle at left and right of the date. (eBay capture)


Kahului 237_01 97 - Jul 14

July 14, 1897, showing the same breaks in the circle.


Kahului 237_01 97 - Jul 14

(retroReveal enhanced)


235-01_237-01_overlay

Overlay of June 23, 1897 beneath January 3, 1897. The later date is a supposed 237.01 and the earlier date is 253.01. This overlay shows the two marks were made by the same device.
(Courtesy of James Shaffer)

272.642
27mm single lined outer and inner circles
Color: Blue, Purple, Red
Estimated: 6
Usage: February __, 1898 – January __, 1900. The device was steel and was issued to Kahului in February, 1898. Earlier dated favor strikes exist, some as early as 1882 on Scott #34.

Blue (sometimes greenish-blue tending even toward green) strikes are noted from September, 1898 to November, 1899; purple strikes are noted as favor strikes; black is noted in December, 1899.

Kahului 272_642 98 - May 14

May 14, 1898, blue


Kahului 272_642 99 - Jul 6

July 6, 1899


Kahului 272_642 99 - Jul 6 retroreveal

July 6, 1899
(retroReveal enhanced)

239.52 (not counted as a postmark)
30mm single lined outer circle, no date, unserifed letters
Color: Black
Rarity: Unknown; two strikes are in my record, both from the Davey collection. Davey designated it 237.52
Usage: undetermined; seen on 1894 issue stamps but thought to be a postmark used only in the Territorial Period.
These two stamps found in Davey’s collection appear to be canceled by a device used in the Territorial Period around 1920-1930. If so, these are “hand-back” cancels done as favors and were not made at the 19th Century Kahului post office. The mark is shown for illustration because more may exist; it is not counted among Kahului 19th Century postmarks.

Kahului 239_52 on 74

Kahului 239_52 on 77

255.01
29mm double lined circle
Color: Blue
Rarity: 1RR, eleven strikes are in my record.
Usage: January 18, 1900 – February 2, 1900
This mark was moved from Scarcity 2 to Rarity 1RR.

Kahului 255_01 00 - Feb 2 – detail

February 2, 1900 LDU


Kahului 255_01 00 - Feb 2 - detail retroreveal

February 2, 1900 LDU
(retroReveal enhanced)

271.017
26mm single lined outer and inner circles; lozenge side ornaments
Color: Purple, Black, Blue
Estimated: 5
Usage: February 13, 1900 – June 12, 1900
Purple strikes are usual; black and blue noted but dates are uncertain.

Kahului 271_017 00 Apr 13

April 13, 1900


Kahului 271_017 00 Apr 13 retroreveal

April 13, 1900
(retroReveal enhanced)

Kalepolepo, Kula District
"the dusty place"
1856-1875

Kalepolepo was an early name for a landing now known as Kihei at Maalaea Bay (see Kihei). Kalepolepo was a designated stop on the overland trail route that left Lahaina and circled West Maui with stops at Waikapu, Makawao, Haiku, Ulupalakua and Kalepolepo. Halstead was appointed postmaster but his duties probably only required getting mail pouches from the boats, or getting them aboard, and seeing that incoming mail was distributed to the proper overland carriers.

Postmaster: J. J. Halstead (1861-1875 (later Ulupalakua PM); Burns lists E. Bond as postmaster in 1858, but he was postmaster of Kohala on Hawaii.

No postmark is recorded.

Kaupo, Hana District
"night season"
1860-1869; 1880-1881; 1890-1900

Kaupo is a farming and ranching district located on East Maui’s remote south facing slopes of Haleakala. An old spelling of Kaopo was used until around the 1880s. Kaupo was a stop on the overland route between Hana and Makawao via Ulupalakua. Even in times when no postal facility existed at Kaupo as a matter of formality, a local residence or the store kept there since the 1860s served as a place for the overland carrier to leave or pick up mail.

Kaupo map

Location of Kaupo (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

Postmasters: T. E. Cook (1860); J. C. Wilmington (1861-1863); A. R. Coe (1863-1868); J. A. Ahulii (1868); P. W. Kaawa (1868); J. A. Ahulii (1869)[storekeeper]; T. Wills (1880-1881)[storekeeper]; P. Kamai (1891)[laborer]; C. Andrews (1891-1894)[teacher, storekeeper]; C. Lake (1894-1900)[teacher, storekeeper].

Early postmasters kept the post office at their residences. After Rev. Kaawa resigned the office moved to the local store where Ahulii was storekeeper. The store then passed through different owners, each of whom was postmaster in turn. J.M. Donn’s 1903 update to the Hawaiian Government Survey map of Maui by F.S. Dodge (1885) [accessed 2019 at David Rumsey Map Collection, Search/Maui/Dodge, F.S., Donn, John] places the post office above Waiu Bay between Apole and Lapehu Points, close by the trail between Hana and Ulupalakua. Presumably this was the location of the store.

Five sheets of Scott No. 31 were sent to Kaupo in 1868. PMG Oat described the office as a postal agency in his 1893 trip report. (Hawaiian Gazette, October 17, 1893, p. 10.) Stamp sales in 1898 were unrecorded but in 1899 Kaupo reported stamp sales of only $5.00, thus explaining the rarity of surviving Kaupo postmarks. No salary was allocated for the postmaster in 1899.

801
Kaupo
manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record Noted on Scott No. 31

Kaupo 801 ms

807
Date/Kaupo/apana o Hana/Maui, H.
manuscript, four lines
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record
Noted on Scott No. 31

Kaupo 807 ms on 31 Wild

April 11 _
(Courtesy of Norb Wild)


Kaupo 807 ms on 31 Wild retroreveal

(retroReveal enhanced)

802
Kaupo/P.O.
manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record
Noted on Scott No. 35 cover with contents dated April 17, 1883

Kaupo ms ex-Peters 600 OFF detail

April _, 1883

803
Kaupo/date
manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR, one example is in my record

Kaupo ms Ashford

July 20 _
(Courtesy of Ted Ashford)


Kaupo ms Ashford retroreveal

July 20 _
(retroReveal enhanced)

281.01
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Purple, Black
Rarity: 1RR, 16 strikes are in my record.
Usage: September 1, 1892 to _, 1898

Kaupo 281_01 93 - Jun 12 on 52

June 12, 1893


Kaupo 281_01 93 - Jun 12 on 52 retroreveal

June 12, 1893
(retroReveal enhanced)

255.01
29mm double lined circle
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR, one strike is in my record.
Usage: August 17, 1899

Kaupo 255_01 99 - Aug 17

August 17, 1899


Kaupo 255_01 99 - Aug 17 retroreveal

August 17, 1899
(retroReveal enhanced)

Keanae, Hana District
"the mullet"
1867-1876; 1893-1900

A predominantly ethnic Hawaiian village and landing situated on a low peninsula protruding from the north coast of East Maui, Keanae was a stop on the overland mail route between Hana and Haiku. In addition to taro farmers and fishermen, a Roman Catholic mission was established here in 1856; itinerant Protestant ministers used their own stone church. Chinese laborers began to settle here after finishing their service under indenture contracts and farmed rice.

Postmaster: Rev. S. Kamakahiki (1867-1875); Postal Agent W. Napihaa (1893-1900). Stamp sales in 1898 were unrecorded but the postmaster was paid a salary of $5. No postmarks are known from the early period when Rev. Kamakahiki was postmaster, but in that time 20 sheets of 2¢ stamps were sent to Keanae. When Keanae became a regular stop for Wilder steamships, the post office was reopened at Mr. Napihaa’s house near the boat landing. PMG Oat referred to this office as a postal agency his 1893 visit report.

Photo 1908 Keanae Maui The Coast

Keanae Peninsula seen from the Government Trail, circa. 1908

Hana Government Trail detail

Mule train on the Hana/Haiku overland trail, above Keanae

Keanae map

Location of Keanae (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

801
Keanae
manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR, four strikes are in my record.
Noted on Scott No. 43

Keanae 801 ms

803
Keanae/date
manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR, two strikes are in my record.
Noted on Scott No. 43

Keanae 802 ms

281.01
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Purple, Red
Rarity: 1RR, 10 strikes are in my record; moved from scarcity 2 to 1RR.
Usage: February 20, 1894 to March 24, 1898

Keanae 281_01 94 - Aug 21

August 21, 1894

255.9a1
29mm double lined circle; duplex cancel
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RRR, seven strikes are in my record.
Usage: July 21, 1898 - September 15, 1899

Keanae 255_01 98 - Jul 21

July 21, 1898, EDU


Keanae 255_01 98 - Jul 21  retroreveal

July 21, 1898
(retroReveal enhanced)


Keanae 255_01 99 - Sep 18

September 15, 1899, backstamp


Keanae 255_01 99 - Sep 18 retroreveal

September 15, 1899, backstamp
(retroReveal enhanced)

Keokea, Kula District
"white"
1893-1900

Keokea is a land district in Kula located between Ulupalakua and Makawao. PMG Oat described Keokea as a postal agency in his 1893 trip report, but where the postal agency was located has not been determined

Postmasters: S. W. Makai (1893-1895); D. Kapohakukimohewa (1896-1900). No stamp sales were recorded in 1898, but the postmaster was paid a salary of $5. No postmark recorded.


Kihei, Wailuku District
"shoulder cape"
1899-1900

Landing on Maalaea Bay for the Kula District and Ulupalakua. Formerly known as Kalepolepo (see Kalepolepo). Before port facilities were developed at Kahului, the Kalepolepo/Kihei landing on Maalaea Bay was the principal port for Maui, being on the leeward side of the island and, thus, easier for ships to use. In 1899, H.P. Baldwin started Kihei Plantation and built a wharf at Kihei to accommodate shipping. The post office was opened to accommodate the plantation and the small community of plantation workers and families.

Postmasters: Peter Makia (1899); J. C. Long (1900). Both postmasters probably worked for Kihei Plantation.

Kihei map

Location of Kihei (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

Kihei 255_01 II 00 - Jan 6 Kihei Plantation cover ex-Davey

Kihei 255.01(II) dated January 6, 1900, to Spreckelsville with Kihei Plantation return address corner card.

255.01 (I)
29mm double lined circle
Color: Black, Purple
Rarity: 2, 12 strikes are in my record; I expect more to be reported now that this distinct postmark has been identified.

Usage: May 13, 1899 – January 19, 1900

Differences between styles (I) and (II) are best illustrated in the overlay image below. Credit Alan Furukawa with noticing the difference in these styles.

The “I”/”H” space in Kihei is 1mm wider in style (II) than in style (I), thus the distance from top left of “K” in Kihei to the center of the comma is 19.5mm in style (I); in style (II) it is 20.5mm. As the overlay shows, the 2nd “I” of Kihei in style (II) falls on the comma of style (I).

In style (I) the “I” of Maui points to the “K/I” space of Kihei, but points to the “I/H” space in style (II).

Maui is set off 1.5mm to the left in style (II) compared to style (I), so the distance between the “K” of Kihei and the “M” of Maui is 13 mm in style (I) and 10.5 mm in style (II).

In style (I) The 2nd “I” of Kihei is set at a slightly obtuse angle relative to the other letters (in some strikes it is crowded against the “E”); it is straight in style (II).

Kihei 255_01 I AF detail

June 2, 1899, black
(Courtesy of Alan Furukawa)


Kihei 255_01 I AF detail retro

June 2, 1899, black
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kihei 255_01 I 99 - Jun 9 black

June 9, 1899, black


Kihei 255_01 I  99 - Jul 15

July 15, 1899, purple


Kihei 255_01 I  99 - Jul 15 retro

(retroReveal enhanced)

255.01 (II)
29mm double lined circle
Color: Purple
Scarcity: 2
Usage: July 29, 1899 – June __, 1900

See style (I) for a description of the differences.
Twenty-one strikes in my record fit this mark. Possibly this mark has been underreported.

Kihei_compare

Overlay image with Kihei Sept. 9, 1899 255.01(II) set above a June 2, 1899 255.01(I) with the “K” of Kihei aligned. In style (I) the 1st “I” of Kihei is closer to the “H” than in style (II), thus throwing “HEI” in style (II) so far to the right that the 2nd “I” of Kihei in style (II) falls over the comma of style (I). Maui is set farther to the left in style (II), making style (II) look unbalanced.

(Overlay courtesy of James Shaffer)


Kihei_compare retro

Overlay image,
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kihei 255_01 II 99 - Sep 9 ex-Davey

September 9, 1899, purple

Kipahulu, Hana District
"sojourn at forest edge"
1880-1900

Coastal village on the east coast of East Maui and headquarters for the Kipahulu Sugar Co.

Postmasters: Thom. K. Clarke (1880-1886)[owner, Kipahulu Plantation]; W. Von Uffel (1887-1891)[storekeeper, Kipahulu Plantation]; C. Hagens (1891-1892)[bookkeeper, Kipahulu Plantation]; A. Buchholtz (1892-1898)[storekeeper and manager, Kipahulu Plantation]; and A. Gross (1899-1900)[manager, Kipahulu Plantation]. The post office was in the plantation store. Stamp sales in 1884-1885 were about $40 per year and in 1898 they were $180. PMG Oat described the office as a post and money order office in his 1893 trip report. Mail service was by the overland carriers to Kahului via Kaupo and Ulupalakua or via Hana and Keanae.

Kipahulu map

Location of Kipahulu (red dot)
For overland routes and map details see Overland Mail Routes - Island of Maui Routes
and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Maui

253.51
27mm double lined circle, arc beneath date.
Color: Purple, Black
Estimated: 5
Usage: February 24, 1884 – January __, 1896

Black is noted in 1884, otherwise purple. There is a long gap between the reported 1884 date and January, 1891, the next earliest date reported.

Kipahulu 253_51 91 - Nov 20

November 20, 1891


Kipahulu 253_51 91 - Nov 20  retroreveal

November 20, 1891
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kipahulu 253_51 92 - Jun 3

June 3, 1892


Kipahulu 253_51 92 - Jun 3  retroreveal

June 3, 1892
(retroReveal enhanced)

282.011
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Purple, Black
Estimated: 7
Usage: July 17, 1896 to June 1, 1900

Kipahulu 282_011 96 - Jul 17 EDU

July 17, 1896, EDU


Kipahulu 282_011 96 - Jul 17 EDU retroreveal

July 17, 1896, EDU
(retroReveal enhanced)


Kipahululu 282_011 00 - Jan 7

January 7, 1900


Kipahululu 282_011 00 - Jan 7 retroreveal

January 7, 1900
(retroReveal enhanced)

Koolau, Hana District
"windward"
1888-1892

Postal reports show mail delivered to this place, a sub-district on windward East Maui. No postmasters were appointed and no postmark is known.


Kuau, Hamakuapoko District
"handle"

Letter collection spot on the coast a little northeast of Paia.

801
Kuau
manuscript
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRRR, three strikes are in my record.
Noted on Scott Nos 31 and 43.

Scott 31 Kuau

(Courtesy of David Volstrup-Petersen)


Kaau ms (MH-801) on 38 6-3-18 Wild

(Courtesy of Norb Wild)


Kaau ms (MH-801) on 38 6-3-18 Wild reotated retro

(retroReveal enhanced)

Kula, Makawao District
"dry upland"
1856-1861

A farming district on the western slopes of Haleakala. Whether a postal agency existed here is uncertain but one is referenced in early reports. No postmaster was appointed.

A manuscript “Kulumanu,” noted on Scott numbers 42, 43 and 52 has been mistaken as “Kulamaui” and attributed to the Kula district postal agency. The mark is a vessel name marking. Kulamanu was the name of two schooners, both lost before Scott numbers 43 and 52 were issued. Two schooners were named Kulumanu, one of which was sold and left Hawaii in 1853. The recorded manuscript Kulumanu marks refer to the second Kulumanu, a schooner registered under the Hawaiian flag in 1885. She stayed in service until after 1900.

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