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::: Island of Maui Postmarks, Part 3 - Lahaina to Peahi :::

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Board of Education from Lahaina 9Jan60

Official mail (cover front) bearing the Lahaina custom seal, type 303,
docketed June 9, 1860, and addressed to the Board of Education at Honolulu

Lahaina, Lahaina District
"cruel sun" - named for droughts
1851-1900
Customs Collectors: Isaac Lewis (1844), Edward Hawks (1844), H. S. Swinton (1844-1851), R. H. Bowlin (1851), Svend Hoffmeyer (1851), George D. Gower (1851-1854).
Postmasters: Cornelius S. Bartow (1854-1862), Sheriff T. H. Treadway (1862-1872), Thom. W. Everett (1872), William O. Smith (1872-1874), Thom. W. Everett (1874-1885), R. Newton (1885), H. Turton, Sr. (1885-1887), T. E. Evans (1887), M. Makalua (1887), H. Turton, Jr. (1887), T. E. Evans (1887-1890), D. Taylor (1890-1891), T. C. Forsyth (1891-1896), A. A. Heyselden (1896), G. W. Heyselden (1896-1899) and A. Waal (1899-1900).

Lahaina was the capital of the islands until 1846, a significant whaling port and site of the Pioneer Mill during the sugar boom. Lahainaluna Seminary, site of a high school established in 1831 and where the first Hawaiian newspaper was printed in 1834, was located just uphill and accounted for much of the correspondence passing through the Lahaina post office. Starting at least by the early 1870's. Lahaina declined as a center of society and commerce and was replaced by Wailuku as capital of Maui about 1880. In 1880, Lahaina lacked a hotel, but had three restaurants, around a dozen stores and about 250 houses.

In early years, particularly before the postal system was established, Lahaina was home to several firms providing forwarder services. Those included von Pfister & Co. (1842), B. F. Bolles & Co. (early 1850's), Bush & Co. (1847-1855), G. D. Gilman (1855-1857) and Waldo & Co. (1846-1847). Rev. Dwight Baldwin also handled mail. A United States Consular Agent (or Vice Commercial Agent) was appointed for Lahaina and some mail from American whalers was handled by this agent.

Mail service was direct by sailing ships or steamers to Honolulu and other ports. Lahaina was the hub for the overland mail service on West Maui. Stamp sales in 1884-1885 were about $365 annually and the postmaster was paid $100 per year. Stamp sales in 1898 were $900 and the postmaster received a salary of $75. Until 1860, the post office was located in the customs house and then was moved to the government office near the landing.

Rev. Serano Bishop, who received and retained much mail, moved to Lahainaluna Seminary in 1865. He carefully docketed each cover with the name of the sender, the date of the contents and the date acknowledged. Surviving covers from his correspondence constitute a large percentage of saved local mail and are keys to proving the printing shades of early Bank Note 2 stamps.

In addition to the postmarks used at Lahaina, the first postmaster, C. S. Bartow, canceled stamps with his name. Bartow served as postmaster until 1862, when the job was combined with the sheriff and Treadway automatically became postmaster in the wake of funding cut backs necessitated from the loss of the whaling fleet in 1860.

303
Custom House mark used as a postmark
full rigged sailing ship
Color: Blue, Black, Orange
Rarity: 1R
Usage: September, 1859-June, 1860
Four strikes, one on cover, are in my collection.
I have seen strikes in blue or orange ink, but I have not seen a black strike. An orange strike was listed in the Advertiser Sale as lot 259.

Lahaina 303 from Official front

June 9, 1860


Lahaina 303 Plate 3-C-VII

Scott No. 16, Plate 3-C-VII

Lahaina 303 Plate 3-D-III on piece

Scott No. 16, Plate 3-D-III

Lahaina Custom Seal


C. S. Bartow
manuscript, straight line
Color: Blue
Rarity 1RRR
Usage: 1859-1860
not a true postmark. One strike is in my collection.

Plate 3-D-V CS Bartow rotated

Scott No. 16, Plate 3-D-V
C. S. Bartow manuscript

243.02
35mm single lined circle; boxwood device
Color: Blue, Black, Green
Scarcity: 2
Usage: July 25, 1862 to February 23, 1865
Green is more a blue-green than a true green.
Eleven strikes, four on cover, are in my collection. Late strikes noted on Scott No. 31 (1864 printing).

Lahaina 243_02 __ - Feb 21 blue - 1200 on 27 wrapper

Scott No. 27
February 21, ____

Lahaina 243_02 63 - Oct 24 green

Oct 24, 1863 (green)


Lahaina 243_02 __ - Aug 30 black on 3-F-I

Scott No. 16, Plate 2-F-I
August 30, ___ (black)

242.13
34mm single lined circle; steel or brass device
Color: Black
Scarcity: 2
Usage: March 22, 1867 to January 3, 1879
The device for this mark was made by Thomas Tannatt of Honolulu in May, 1866.
Seven strikes, all on cover, are in my collection.

Lahaina 242_13 68 - Feb 17

February 17, 1868

Lahaina 242_13 78 - Jan 3 on #35 cover LKU

January 3, 1878

238.02
30mm single lined circle; brass device
Color: Black
Scarcity: 2
Usage: July __, 1879 to August __, 1885
Five strikes, three on cover, are in my collection.

Lahaina 238_02 79 - Sep 5

September 5, 1879

282.012
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RRR; nine strikes recorded
Usage: September 5, 1883 to July 4, 1884
Four strikes, one on cover, are in my collection.

Lahaina 282_012 84 - Jul 4

July 4, 1884

281.013
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; large stars. Strikes up to August 28, 1886 show the date sideways, with the month at the right.
Color: Blue, Purple
Estimated: 6
Usage: September __, 1885 to February __, 1893
Purple is noted on a strike dated April 6, 1891.

Lahaina 281_013 86 - Aug 28

August 28, 1886
date is sideways

Lahaina 281_013 87 - Jul 30 blue

July 30, 1887
date is correct

281.01
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; late period strikes have a single lined outer circle due to ink clogging and wear
Color: Purple, Blue
Estimated: 6
Usage: January 25, 1887 to February __, 1891; August 18, 1898 to May __, 1900; I record one strike during the "gap" on January 4, 1896
Blue strikes are noted to late 1889.

Lahaina 281.01

January 25, 1887

281.011
31mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Purple, Black
Estimated: 7
Usage: April __, 1893 to July __, 1898
Black is noted in early 1895 and in December, 1897

Lahaina 281_011 95 - Feb 25

February 25, 1895

Lahaina 281_011 96 - Jun 27

June 27, 1896

253.9a1
27mm double lined circle; duplex cancel; town letters are 0.3mm from innermost circle; ink clogged the space between the outer circles in later strikes.
Color: Purple
Estimated: 8
Usage: January __, 1898 April __, 1900

Lahaina 253_01 98 - Mar 15 duplex

March 15, 1898

255.9a1
29mm double lined circle; duplex cancel; town letters are 0.7mm from innermost circle
Color: Purple
Scarcity: 4
Usage: January 12, 1900 June 13, 1900
Seven strikes, two on cover, are in my collection.

Lahaina 255_01 00 - Jun 13 duplex

June 13, 1900

Lahaina Sugar Co., Lahaina District
1861
Postmaster: O. R. Wood
If there was a postal service at this place independent of the Lahaina Post Office, it must have been a postal agency as there is no record of stamp sales for an office here. No postmarks are known.

Maalaea, Wailuku District
uncertain translation, possibly "ocherous earth beginning"
1884-1890
Doubtful if there was a postal facility here but it is mentioned by Davey. No listing for this office is in the post office reports.

Landing for sailing ships to load cargo and for the inter-island steamers.

Makawao, Makawao District
"forest beginning"
1854-1900
Postmasters: L. L. Torbert (1854), G. M. Spencer (1856-1861), Needham & Co. (1861-1862), J. T. Wise (1862), T. H. Everett (1864), J. D. Gower (1864), P. J. White (1865), P. Cole (1865), J. D. Gower (1865), __ Fixen (1865), N. F. Sayre (1866-1869), J. J. Halsted (1875), George Gray (1875-1877), W. L. Davis (1877-1880), James Anderson (1881-1889), John G. Anderson (1889-1894) and James Anderson (1894-1900).

Located upland on the northwest slope of Haleakala. Site of a church established by Rev. Jonathan Green in 1842 and headquarters for the McLane Sugar Plantation, one of the pioneer plantations, started in 1846. Makawao remained a sugar plantation town for the remainder of the century and was the principle town of the district until overtaken by Paia in the 1880's. Makawao had two schools, a boarding school for girls run by Miss Carpenter and Miss Mary Parker and a military board school for boys run by Prof. F. L. Clarke.

Mail service was by the overland carrier. In 1854, Makawao was listed as a stop on the overland route and carried the name Makawao-Kula in 1859. A carriage road built around 1864 connecting Wailuku and Ulupalakua passed through Makawao. Weekly mail service existed until about 1889 when twice weekly service was started from Paia. In 1890, daily service from Paia was in place.

Early postmasters were appointed by the postmaster of Lahaina. In 1859, the post office was located at Spencer's store near Paia. When Needham took over the post office, he moved it to Makawao. In the late 1860's, the office was using annually about 40 sheets of 2 stamps and 4 sheets of 5 stamps. In 1884-1885, stamp sales at Makawao were about $110 annually. From 1887-1894, Makawao sent 6,000 to 7,000 letters each year. Stamp sales in 1898 were $240.

243.22
35mm single lined circle; steel or brass device
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RR; thirteen strikes reported
Usage: September __, 1870 to August 1, 1879
Six strikes, including three 1879 covers, are in my collection.

Makawao 243_02 79 - May 30

May 30, 1879

238.02
30mm single lined circle; steel device
Color: Black
Scarcity: 2
Usage: July 18, 1879 to July 13, 1883
Seven strikes, including five on cover, are in my collection.

Makawao 238_02 79 - Jul 18 EKU

July 18, 1879 (day inverted)


Makawao 238_02 83 - Jul 13

July 13, 1883

282.012
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; dates often fail to print and in late uses show extreme wear
Color: Purple, Blue, Black
Estimated: 7
Usage: September 21, 1883 to April __, 1897
Black strike noted September 21, 1883; blue strikes noted from '84 to March, 12, 1886; purple thereafter.

Makawao 282_012 85 - Feb 10

February 10, 1885

Makawao 282_012 96 - Feb 27

February 27, 1896

281.011
29mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; the date failed and printed as a blot and for a short time in 1899. Manuscript dates are noted January 6, 1900 to May 12, 1900. Strikes often are misshapen.
Color: Purple, Black
Estimated: 6
Usage: June __, 1897 to May 9, 1900
Dark purplish black noted in October, 1899, changing to black strikes by late October. Earlier strikes are purple and the color returned to purple by April, 1900.

Makawao 281_011 99 - Apr 29

April 29, 1899


Makawao 281_011 99 - blot

blot, 1899


Makawao 281_011 ms 6Jan00 - EKU

January 6, 1900 manuscript
(Courtesy of Phil Kay)


Makawao 281.011 ms 10May00

May 10, 1900
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)

259.01
33mm double lined circle; duplex cancel; town letters are 0.7mm from innermost circle
Color: Purple
Scarcity: 3
Usage: May 17, 1900 July 14, 1900
Two strikes are in my collection.

Makawao 259_01 17May00

May 17, (1900)

Makawao 259_01 11Jun00 LKU

June 11, 1900
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)

Makena, Wailuku District
"abundance" [Pukui]; "mourning for the dead" [Davey]
1888-1900
Postmasters: J. Kukahiku (1888-1890), P. W. Simeona (1890-1894), J. M. Napoulou (1894-1900). Kukahiku may have been only a postal agent as some references state the Makena post office opened in 1890.

Port for Rose Ranch at Ulupalakua and farmers in the Kula District. Also, mail for a small contingent of shepherds on Kahoolawe was handled through Makena. From 1890 to 1894, about 2,500 letters were sent from Makena annually and about 2,000 letters were sent there annually. Stamp sales in 1898 were $90 and in 1899 were about $55.

281.011
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RRR; six strikes recorded
Usage: June __, 1897 to August 7, 1900
Two strikes, both on cover, are in my collection. The last recorded strike is under U. S. Post Office administration.

Makena 281_011 99 - Jan 20

January 20, 1899

Nahiku, Hana District
"the sevens" (referring to the districts in the area)
1899-1900
Postmaster: R. H. Worrall (1899-1900)

Village situated in a valley on the north west coast of East Maui and center for rubber cultivation. Mail service was by the semi-monthly overland carrier.

253.01
27mm double lined circle
Color: Purple
Scarcity: 2
Usage: August 18, 1899 August 24, 1900
Five strikes, including one on cover in U.S. Post Office administration, are in my collection.

Nahiku 18Aug99 EKU

August 18, 1899
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)

Nahiku 253_01 99 - Oct 20

October 20, 1899
(Courtesy of Phil Kay)

Nuu, Hana District
"terrace"
1858-1863
Postmaster: A Garrett (1858). This place was never more than a postal agency. Mail service was by the overland carrier between Ulupalakua and Hana. No postmarks are known.

A small ranching village near Kaupo on the south slope of Haleakala, East Maui.

Olowalu, Lahaina District
"many hills"
1886-1900
Postmasters: August Hanneberg (1886) and Sam Lung (1894-1900). Stamp sales in 1898 were unrecorded an no salary was allotted for the postmaster.

Village on the south coast of West Maui and site of a plantation owned by G. Armstrong & Co. Mail service was by the overland carrier between Lahaina and Wailuku. No postmarks are known.

Paia, Wailuku District
"noisy" [Pukui]; "fish yard" [Davey]
1881-1900
Postmasters: Chas. H. Dickey (1882-1888), G. Heinemann (1889-1890), H. Lows (1891), J. W. Colville (1892-1896) and C. D. Lindsey (1897-1900).

Located in the northeast corner of Maui's isthmus and by the 1880's, the most prominent town of the Makawao District. Paia was the easternmost terminus of the Kahului Railroad before the road was extended to Haiku after 1900. Site of the Alexander & Baldwin sugar plantation, later known as the Paia Plantation.

Stamp sales in 1884-1885 were about $215 annually. Stamp sales in 1898 were $420.

801
manuscript
Color: Black

Rarity: 1RRRR
Noted on Scott Nos. 30a and 33

Paia enlarged

282.013
33mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; small stars
Color: Purple, Blue, Black
Estimated: 6
Usage: August __, 1881 to March __, 1893

Paia 282_013 27 Oct82 on #35 cover

October 27, 1882

281.013
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; large stars
Color: Blue, Purple
Estimated: 6
Usage: February 17, 1887 to October 9, 1890
Blue strikes are note to June, 1888.
The "9" in the October, 1890 strike is added in manuscript.

Paia 281_013 27May87

May 27, 1887

Paia 281.013 9Oct90 LKU

October 9, 1890
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)

281.011
30mm double lined outer and single lined inner circles; year date often is illegible
Color: Purple, Blue, Black
Estimated: 7
Usage: March __, 1893 to June __, 1897
Blue is noted on a Scott No. 75; Black is noted January 25, 1895

Paia 281_011 93 - Nov 7

November 7, 1893

253.9a1
27mm double lined circle; duplex cancel
Color: Purple, Black
Estimated: 7
Usage: January __, 1897 June 12, 1900

Paia 253_01 99 Aug 12 duplex

August 12, 1899

Paihiihi, ?
"neat, tidy"
1878-1879
Postmasters: W. E. Rinnell (1878-1879)
Probably a postal agency.

No postmarks are known.

Pauwela, Makawao District
"burned up"
1894-1900
Postmasters: D. W. Kakopaa (1893), Kikoopaoa (1894), P. Keaupuni (1894-1900). The first two named were postal agents.

A small village and light house near Haiku. Stamp sales in 1898 were unrecorded, but the postmaster was allotted a salary of $5.

No postmarks known.

Peahi, Makawao District
"fan"
1894-1900
Postmaster: T. K. Pa (1895-1900).

Plantation town on the north west coast of East Maui. Stamp sales in 1898 were unrecorded, but the postmaster was allotted a salary of $5.

253.02
27mm double lined circle
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RRR, five strikes confirmed plus two unconfirmed
Usage: January 29, 1897 December 9, 1899
Two strikes are in my collection.

Peahi 253_02 99 - Sep 15 EKU

September 15, 1899


Peahi 253_02 9Dec99

December 9, 1899
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)

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